Current Affairs 11th July 2017


  • It is located in south-west Japan between the main island of Kyushu and the Korean Peninsula in the Sea of Japan.
  •  Also known as Japan’s men-only island.
  • There is a ban on women from entering the island.
  • The entire island is considered a Shinto Kami, an ethnic religion of Japan that focuses on ritual practices to be carried out diligently, to establish a connection between present-day Japan and its ancient past.
  • Kami are the spirits or phenomena that are worshipped in the religion of Shinto.




  • Tamil Nadu has reported its first case of Zika virus in a 27-year-old man from a village in Krishnagiri district.
  • This is second case of Zika reported in India. Earlier in May 2017, the first case of Zika was detected in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.


  • Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that was first identified in Uganda in 1947 in monkeys through a network that monitored yellow fever.
  •  It was later identified in humans in 1952 in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania.
  •  Outbreaks of Zika virus disease have been recorded in Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific.
  • The first large outbreak of disease caused by Zika infection was reported from the Island of Yap (Federated States of Micronesia) in 2007.
  •  In July 2015 Brazil reported an association between Zika virus infection and Guillain-Barré syndrome.
  •  In October 2015 Brazil reported an association between Zika virus infection and microcephaly.
  • Signs and Symptoms

    The incubation period (the time from exposure to symptoms) of Zika virus disease is not clear, but is likely to be a few days. The symptoms are similar to other arbovirus infections such as dengue, and include fever, skin rashes, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise, and headache. These symptoms are usually mild and last for 2-7 days.

  • Complications of Zika virus disease

    Zika virus infection during pregnancy is a cause of congenital brain abnormalities, including microcephaly; and that Zika virus is a trigger of Guillain-Barré syndrome.

  • Transmission

    Zika virus is primarily transmitted to people through the bite of an infected mosquito from the Aedes genus, mainly Aedes aegypti in tropical regions. Aedes mosquitoes usually bite during the day, peaking during early morning and late afternoon/evening. This is the same mosquito that transmits dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever. Sexual transmission of Zika virus is also possible. Other modes of transmission such as blood transfusion are being investigated.

  • Diagnosis

    Infection with Zika virus may be suspected based on symptoms and recent history of travel (e.g. residence in or travel to an area with active Zika virus transmission). A diagnosis of Zika virus infection can only be confirmed through laboratory tests on blood or other body fluids, such as urine, saliva or semen.

  • Treatment

    Zika virus disease is usually mild and requires no specific treatment. People sick with Zika virus should get plenty of rest, drink enough fluids, and treat pain and fever with common medicines. If symptoms worsen, they should seek medical care and advice. There is currently no vaccine available.

  • Prevention

    Protection against mosquito bites is a key measure to prevent Zika virus infection.


  • Observed across the world on July 11.
  • Objective-  increase people’s awareness on various population issues such as the importance of family planning, maternal health, gender equality, poverty and human rights.
  • 2017 theme: “Family Planning- Empowering People, Developing Nations”.
  • The World Population Day was established by the then Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in 1989.
  • The Day was first marked on 11 July 1990 in more than 90 countries. Since then, it is observed annually by number of United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) country offices and other organizations and institutions commemorate World Population Day, in partnership with governments and civil society.


  • Indian Railways Organization for Alternate Fuel (IROAF) has won the Golden Peacock Award for Eco Innovation for the year 2017 for Eco-Innovation for substitution of fossil fuels  by environment friendly CNG in DEMU passenger train services.
  • Golden Peacock Awards, instituted by the Institute Of Directors (IOD), India in 1991, are now regarded as a benchmark of Corporate Excellence worldwide.
  • The purpose is to create a competition for raising overall standards and recognise the achievements of the best performing organisations.


  • The Karnataka State government has constituted a nine-member committee  to study and submit a report to the government on the possibility of designing a separate flag for Karnataka and providing it a statutory standing.
  • Recently, some activists had urged the government to design a separate flag for Kannada ‘naadu’ and accord statutory standing for that.
  • There is no prohibition in the Constitution for the State to have its own flag.
  •  However, the manner in which the State flag is hoisted should not dishonour the national flag. It has to be always below the national flag.
  •  Jammu and Kashmir is only state having separate flag of its own due to special status granted by Article 370 of the Constitution.
  • At present, the national flag code specifically authorises use of other flags subject to the regulation by the court.