Current Affairs 21st July 2017

 

1.  SECOND   LCU   MARK IV   L52   SHIP   LAUNCHED

  • LCU L52 ship which is the second in series of the eight Mark IV LCU vessels built by GRSE for Navy was recently launched in Kolkata,West Bengal.
  • The LCU Mark-IV vessels are designed for multipurpose amphibious operations jointly carried out Indian Navy and Indian Army to ensure maritime security of Andamans and Lakshadweep islands.
  • The first ship of the series was commissioned in 2016.
  • It can be deployed for multiple activities like operations for landing troops ashore, humanitarian aid and disaster relief operations and evacuation of personnel from distant islands.
  • It has endurance of around 1,500 nautical miles at 12 knots.
  • It is fitted with 2 x CRN-91 indigenous 30mm Guns.

 

  • KNOW   ABOUT   GRSE

 

  • Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Ltd, abbreviated as GRSE, is one of India‘s leading shipyards, located in KolkataWest Bengal.
  •  It builds and repairs commercial and naval vessels. Presently GRSE has also started building export ships in a mission to expand its business.
  • Founded in 1884 as a small privately owned company on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River, it was renamed as Garden Reach Workshop in 1916.
  • The company was nationalised by the Government of India in 1960.
  •  It was awarded the Miniratna status, with accompanying financial and operational autonomy in September 2006.

 

2.  INDO – JAPAN   CIVIL   NUCLEAR   DEAL   COMES   INTO   FORCE

  • The  India-Japan civil nuclear agreement has come into force re-
    cently.
  • The India-Japan Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy was signed in Tokyo during the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to Japan in November 2016.
  • India is the only non-Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) signatory country with which Japan has entered into a civil nuclear deal.
  • The deal would enable Japan to export nuclear power plant technology as well as provide finance for nuclear power plants in India.
  • Till now, India has also signed civil nuclear deal with 10 other countries viz. Russia, United States, France, South Korea, Mongolia, Namibia, Argentina, Canada, Kazakhstan and Australia.

WHAT   IS   NUCLEAR   NON- PROLIFERATION   TREATY ?

  • The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT, is an international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament.
  •  Opened for signature in 1968, the treaty entered into force in 1970.
  • As required by the text, after twenty-five years, NPT Parties met in May 1995 and agreed to extend the treaty indefinitely.
  • More countries have adhered to the NPT than any other arms limitation and disarmament agreement, a testament to the treaty’s significance.
  • At present, 191 states have adhered to the treaty, though North Korea, which acceded in 1985 but never came into compliance, announced its withdrawal from the NPT in 2003, following detonation of nuclear devices in violation of core obligations.
  •  Four UN member states have never accepted the NPT, three of which are thought to possess nuclear weapons: India, Israel, and Pakistan. In addition, South Sudan, founded in 2011, has not joined.

 

3. BICENTENARY   CELEBRATION   OF   PAIKA   REBELLION

  •  The bicentenary (200th) celebration of Paika Rebellion (1817) of Odisha has formally started in New Delhi.
  • According to many scholars,  Paika Rebellion of 1817 was India’s first organized armed rebellion against British Raj .

WHAT   IS   PAIKA   REBELLION ?

  • The Paiks were the traditional landed militia of Odisha. They served as warriors and were charged with policing functions during peacetime.
  • The Paik rebellion had several social, economic and political reasons. The Paiks were alienated by the British regime, who took over the hereditary rent-free lands granted to them after the conquest of Khurda. They were also subjected to extortion and oppression at the hands of the company government and its servants.
  • The Paik Rebellion also called the Paika Bidroha was an armed rebellion against the British East India Company’s rule in Odisha in 1817.
  • The Paiks rose in rebellion under their leader Bakshi Jagabandhu and, projecting Lord Jagannath as the symbol of Odia unity, the rebellion quickly spread across most of Odisha before being ruthlessly put down by the company’s forces.