Current Affairs 22nd July 2017

 

1. LATERAL   ENTRY   IN   CIVIL   SERVICES

  • The PMO has instructed the department of personnel and training to prepare a proposal for lateral entry in ministries dealing with the economy and infrastructure.
  • Previously in 2005, the second Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) recommended an institutionalized, transparent process for lateral entry at both the Central and states.

WHY   LATERAL   ENTRY   IS   NEEDED ?

  • The need for specialized skills and knowledge to inform policy-making and administration is more important than ever.
  • Political interference and the use of transfers as carrot and stick make it difficult for bureaucrats to stay in a posting long enough to gain relevant expertise.
  •  Shift from the uniformity of centrally planned economic policy to the diverse demands of competitive federalism.

 

2. THE   INDEX   AND   THE   INEQUALITY   REPORT

  • India has been ranked 132 out of 152countries in an index that rates countries by their commitment to reducing inequality.
  • OECD countries headed by Sweden ranked the highest while Nigeria was at the bottom.
  • The US had the highest level of inequalityamong developed countries, though it is the wealthiest country in history.
  • The index and the inequality report were put together by the international NGO Oxfam and Development Finance International to measure the efforts of governments that had pledged to reduce inequality as part of the sustainable development goals.

REASONS   FOR    POOR   PERFORMANCE   BY   INDIA

  • The report noted that government spending on health, education and social protection was very low in India.
  • The tax structure looks reasonably progressive on paper, but in practice much of the progressive tax is not collected.
  • India fared poorly on labour rights as well as respect for women in the work place.