Current Affairs 24th July 2017

 

1.  USS   GERALD   R   FORD

  • It is the world’s largest nuclear-powered aircraft carrier recently inducted in US Navy.
  • The ship is named after the 38th President of the US, Gerald Ford.
  • USS Gerald R Ford weighs 1 lakh tonnes and is 1,106-feet long equivalent to size of about three football fields.
  • Ford-class carriers are part of the new advanced US aircraft carrier design   succeeding earlier Nimitz-class class.

 

2.  NOVOBIOCIN – DRUG   AGAINST   ZIKA

  • Spanish scientists have discovered that novobiocin compound  could be used as a potential drug to fight the effects of a Zika virus infection.
  • The novobiocin molecule  was previously used in antibiotic drug to fight“nosocomial” infections (those acquired inside a hospital).

 

KNOW   ABOUT   ZIKA   VIRUS

  • The Zika virus, first identified in Uganda in 1947, is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, the same type of mosquito that carries dengue fever, yellow fever, and chikungunya virus.
  •  A mosquito bites an infected person and then passes those viruses to other people it bites.
  • Outbreaks did not occur outside of Africa until 2007, when it spread to the South Pacific.
  • The Zika disease had seen swift expansion between early 2015 and January 2016 throughout South America and Caribbean where babies with abnormally smaller heads due to Microcephaly were born.
  • Zika can spread through sex, usually after a person traveled to an area where Zika has broken out, got the virus, and gave the virus to a sex partner who did not travel. Infected women and men can both pass the virus to sex partners — even if they haven’t shown symptoms of infection. In addition, infected pregnant women can pass the virus on to their fetus.
  • Some studies have also shown the virus can be found in blood, semen, urine, and saliva of infected people, as well as in fluids in the eye.
  • The disease can cause fever, rash, joint pain, and redness in the whites of the eye (conjunctivitis, or pinkeye). But most people won’t know they have it.
  • There’s no treatment. The disease usually runs its course within a week or so.
  • There is no vaccine against Zika.
  • Zika causes microcephaly in babies born to infected pregnant women. Microcephaly stunts a baby’s head growth, causing devastating, sometimes fatal brain damage, and it can result in miscarriage or stillbirth.

 

3.  ENGLAND   HAS   WON   2017  ICC   WOMEN’S   WORLD   CUP

  • England’s women’s cricket team won 2017 ICC World Cup title by defeating India by 9 runs at Lord’s Cricket Ground in London.
  • Tammy Beaumont of England was awarded Player of the Series title.
  • Besides the inaugural edition in 1973, England had also won the World Cup in 1993 and 2009 as well.
  • Australia has won the women’s cricket world Cup for record six times (1978, 1982, 1988, 1997, 2005, 2013) followed by England (four titles- 1973, 1993, 2009, 2017) and New Zealand (one title- 2000).

 

4.  US   OPEN   GRAND   PRIX   GOLD   BADMINTON   TITLE

  • Indian Shuttler H S Prannoy has won the 2017 Yonex US Open Grand Prix Gold badminton tournament title.
  • In the final match held at Anaheim, California, Prannoy defeated his compatriot Parupalli Kashyap by 21-15, 20-22, 21-12.

 

5.  TUNNELS   THROUGH   SELA   PASS

  • The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) will  to construct two tunnels across the 4170-metre Sela Pass in western Arunachal Pradesh.
  •  It will cut down road distance to the China border through Tawang by about 10 kms.
  • It would particularly make troops movement easier during the winter when heavy snowfall in the eastern Himalayas often cut off road connectivity in the vital sector.

KNOW   ABOUT   BRO

  • The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) develops and maintains road networks in India’s border areas and friendly neighbouring countries.
  • It is staffed by officers and troops drawn from the Indian Army’s Corps of Engineers, Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, Army Service Corps, Military Police and army personnel on extra regimental employment.
  • Officers from the Border Roads Engineering Service and personnel from the General Reserve Engineer Force (GREF) form the parent cadre of the Border Roads Organisation.
  • Formed in 1960.
  • Headquarters – New Delhi.

 

6.  CAG   REPORT   SHOWS   DELAY   IN   WORK   ON   CORVETTES

  • In the report, the CAG has blamed the Navy and Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd. for delay in construction of anti-submarine warfare corvettes
  • It also blamed them for hampering capabilities of the defence projects because of delayed decisions.

KNOW   ABOUT   CORVETTE

  • A corvette is a small warship.
  • It is traditionally the smallest class of vessel considered to be a proper (or “rated”) warship.
  • The warship class above the corvette is that of the frigate.
  • The modern types of ship below a corvette are coastal patrol craft and fast attack craft.
  • The Kamorta-class corvettes or Project 28 are a class of anti-submarine warfare corvettes currently in service with the Indian Navy.