Current Affairs 25th July 2017

 

1.  ISLAND   DEVELOPMENT   MEET

  • The first meeting of Island Development Agency was held recently.
  • During the meet Ten islands Smith, Ross, Aves, Long and Little Andaman in Andaman & Nicobar and Minicoy, Bangaram, Suheli, Cherium and Tinnakara in Lakshadweep have been identified for development in the first phase.
  • The IDA was set up on June 1 this year following Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s review meeting for the development of islands.

 

2.  VANDE   MATARAM   MUST   BE   SUNG   IN   ALL   EDUCATIONAL   INSTITUTIONS   ONCE   A   WEEK – MADRAS   HIGH   COURT

  •  The Madras High Court on Tuesday ordered that “Vande Mataram” must be played and sung in all schools, colleges and universities at least once a week, preferably on Monday or Friday
  • Also “Vande Mataram” should be played and sung in all government offices and institutions, private companies, factories and industries at least once a month.
  • A person who has difficulty in singing the national song will not be compelled or forced to sing it provided there are valid reasons.

KNOW   ABOUT   VANDE   MATARAM

  • It is a poem composed by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in 1870s, which he included in his 1881 novel Anandamath.
  • The first two verses of the song were adopted as the national song of India in 1947 when India became independent though it had inspired independence movement for the past five decades.
  • An Ode to Durga as the Mother goddess, it was written in Sanskrit but printed in Bengali script in the Bengali novel Anandmath.
  • The title ‘Vande Mataram’ literally means “I praise thee, Mother” or “I bow to the, Mother”.
  • The “mother goddess” in later verses of the song has been interpreted as the motherland of the people – Bangamata (Mother Bengal) and Bharat Mata(Mother India), though the text does not mention this explicitly.
  •  It played a vital role in the Indian independence movement, first sung in a political context by Rabindranath Tagore at the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress

 

3.  SHe – BOX

  • Central government has launched an online complaint management system called “Sexual Harassment electronic-Box (SHe-Box)” for registering complaints related to sexual harassment at workplace.
  • Currently applicable only for women working in or visiting central government departments, the ministry of women and child development plans to extend to cover private workplaces too.
  • This portal will provide a platform to women working or visiting any office of Central Government to file complaints related to sexual harassment at workplace under the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013.

KNOW   ABOUT   SEXUAL   HARASSMENT   OF   WOMEN   AT   WORKPLACE   (PREVENTION , PROHIBITION  AND   REDRESSAL)   ACT , 2013

  • This act was enacted in April 2013 as India’s first law dealing with the protection of women against sexual harassment at workplace.
  • This Act aimed to provide every woman, irrespective of her age or employment status, a safe and secure working environment free from all forms of harassment.
  • This Act covered both the organized and unorganized sectors in India. The statute applied to all government bodies, private and public sector organizations, non-governmental organizations, organizations carrying out commercial, vocational, educational, entertainment, industrial, financial activities, hospitals etc.
  • The Act extended the meaning of the word sexual harassment to include “presence or occurrence of circumstances of implied or explicit promise of preferential treatment in employment, threat of detrimental treatment in employment, threat about present or future employment, interference with work or creating an intimidating or offensive or hostile work environment, or humiliating treatment likely to affect the lady employee’s health or safety could also amount to sexual harassment”.
  • The Act also introduced the concept of ‘extended workplace’ since sexual harassment is not always confined to the primary place of employment. Therefore, the Act defined ‘workplace’ to include any place visited by the employee arising out of or during the course of employment, including transportation provided by the employer for the purpose of commuting to and from the place of employment.
  • The Act provided for the establishment of Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) at each and every office or branches of the organization employing 10 or more employees, in order to provide a forum for filing complaints to facilitate fast redressal of the grievances pertaining to sexual harassment.