1. ABORTION PLEA OF 10 YEAR OLD GIRL CHILD REJECTED
- On July 24, a Bench led by Chief Justice of India J.S. Khehar had directed doctors from P.G.I., Chandigarh, to medically examine the 10-year-old rape victim and file a report in court on whether the “health of the girl child concerned, who is stated to be of the age of 10 years, and also that of the foetus, would be adversely affected, if the pregnancy is continued for the full term”.
- Opinion of doctors – abortion will endanger both the girl and her 32-week-old foetus.
- SC judgement – denied the permission to grant abortion of the foetus.
- Supreme Court urged the government to consider setting up permanent medical boards across the States so that women, especially child rape victims, could receive expedient access to medical care.
WHAT IS MTP ?
- MTP is Medical Termination of Pregnancy. It is also called induced abortion.
- It is the medical way of getting rid of unwanted pregnancy.
- Abortion in India is legal only up to twenty weeks of pregnancy under specific conditions and situations, which are broadly defined as:
- the continuance of the pregnancy would involve a risk to the life of the pregnant woman or of grave injury of physical or mental health, or
- there is a substantial risk that if the child were born, it would suffer from such physical or mental abnormalities as to be seriously handicapped.
MTP ACT 1971
- The Indian abortion laws falls under the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, which was enacted by the Indian Parliament in the year 1971 with the intention of reducing the incidence of illegal abortion and consequent maternal mortality and morbidity.
- The MTP Act came into effect from 1 April 1972 and was amended in the years 1975 and 2002.
- The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act of India clearly states the conditions under which a pregnancy can be ended or aborted, the persons who are qualified to conduct the abortion and the place of implementation.Some of these qualifications are as follows:
- Women whose physical and/or mental health were endangered by the pregnancy.
- Women facing the birth of a potentially handicapped or malformed child.
- Pregnancies in unmarried girls under the age of eighteen with the consent of a guardian.
- Pregnancies in “lunatics” with the consent of a guardian.
- Pregnancies that are a result of failure in sterilisation.
2. INTERNATIONAL TIGER DAY
- Celebrated every year on 29 July to raise awareness for tiger conservation.
- Objective – to promote the protection and expansion of the wild tigers habitats
- The International Tiger Day was founded in 2010 at the St. Petersburg Tiger Summit. The summit had issued St. Petersburg Declaration on Tiger Conservation with an aim to double the big cat population by 2022.
- According to WWF, only 3,890 tigers are left in the world, of them, India with more than 2500 tigers has the highest number.
3. SAGAR VANI AND INDIA QUAKE
- The government has launched two Mobile apps SAGAR VANI AND INDIA QUAKE recently.
- ‘India Quake’- for dissemination of earthquake parameters.
- Developed by the National Centre for Seismology (NCS), the ‘India Quake’ will automatically disseminate relevant parameter (location, time and magnitude) after the occurrence of earthquakes.
- Other than scientific and administrative benefits of the App, it will help in reducing panic amongst people during an earthquake.
- ‘Sagar Vani’ -to disseminate ocean related information and alerts (like high waves and Tsunami early warnings) to the user community in timely manner for their safety.