1. ECONOMIC SURVEY PROPOSES LAW TO PROMOTE TRANSPARENCY OF CITIZEN RULES
SOURCE – ECONOMIC TIMES
RELEVANCE – GS MAINS -II. IMPORTANT ASPECTS OF GOVERNANCE, TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY
- The Economic Survey has proposed Transparency of Rules Act (TORA), a legislation to end any asymmetry of information regarding rules and regulations faced by an average citizen.
- TORA will require all departments to mandatorily place all citizen-facing rules on their website. Officials will not be able to impose any rule not mentioned beforehand.
- All laws will have to be updated by the department while providing access to history of the same webpage.
- Websites will have to notify the date and time of each change made. The Survey has specified that “laws would normally be applicable after a specified time (say seven days) after the rule has been posted”.
- TORA’s objective is to help citizens overcome “an opaque mesh of complicated rules” that often leads to corruption and endless litigation.
2. SOLAR POWER WILL EXCEED THERMAL OUTPUT BY 2027
RELEVANCE – GS MAINS – III. INFRASTRUCTURE -ENERGY
- India’s renewable energy programme is proceeding at such a rapid pace that its contribution to total power generation will equal that of coal in 2026 and surpass it the following year, according to projections made in the second volume of the Economic Survey released on Friday.
- At present, India’s installed power capacity is 327 GW of which thermal power from coal comprises 192.16 GW or 55% of the total, while renewable energy capacity is 57.26 MW or 18% of the total.
- India has set itself the goal of 175 GW of renewable power capacity by 2022 and 275 GW by 2027.
- But coal capacity is expected to increase by only 50 GW by 2022 and thereafter remain almost constant, as a result of which by 2027, coal-based power capacity will 248.51GW, or a shade less than that of renewables.
- Already in 2016-17, installed renewable capacity increased by 24.5%, while thermal went up by merely 5.3%
- The survey notes that the cost of renewable energy has fallen drastically in recent years putting economic cost of solar and wind power almost on par with that of thermal power.
- The report also notes that India is well on its way to achieving the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) goals it had committed to at international climate conferences.