1 . US WITHDRAWS FROM UNESCO
SOURCE – INDIAN EXPRESS
RELEVANCE – GS PRELIMS
- The United States on Thursday announced that it is to withdraw from the United Nations Scientific and Cultural Organisation, accusing the body of”anti-Israel bias.”
- Washington would establish an “observer mission” to replace its representation at the Paris-based agency.
- The withdrawal will take effect on December 31, 2018. The US will remain a full member of UNESCO until that time.
REASONS CITED BY US FOR WITHDRAWAL
- This decision was not taken lightly, and reflects US concerns with mounting arrears at UNESCO.
- The need for fundamental reform in the organisation.
- Continuing anti-Israel bias at UNESCO.
KNOW ABOUT UNESCO
- The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
- Formed on 16 th Nov 1945.
- Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights.
- It is the successor of the League of Nations’ International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation.
- UNESCO has 195 member states and ten associate members.
- UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social/human sciences, culture and communication/information.
GLOBAL HUNGER INDEX 2017
SOURCE – HINDU
RELEVANCE – GS PRELIMS
- Global hunger has fallen more than a quarter since 2000, but conflict and climate shocks are beginning to reverse these gains, an annual global hunger index said on Thursday.
- Nearly half of the 119 countries surveyed had “serious”, “alarming” or “extremely alarming” hunger levels between 2012 and 2016, with war-torn Central African Republic worst affected, followed by Chad, Sierra Leone, Madagascar and Zambia.
- India has a “serious” hunger problem and ranks 100th out of 119 countries on the global hunger index — behind North Korea, Bangladesh and Iraq but ahead of Pakistan.
- The country’s serious hunger level is driven by high child malnutrition.
- India stood at 97th position in last year’s rankings.
- Has the third highest score in all of Asia — only Afghanistan and Pakistan are ranked worse.
- At 31.4, India’s 2017 GHI (Global Hunger Index) score is at the high end of the ‘serious’ category.
- As per the report, India ranks below many of its neighbouring countries such as China (29th rank), Nepal (72), Myanmar (77), Sri Lank (84) and Bangladesh (88). It is ahead of Pakistan (106) and Afghanistan (107).
KNOW ABOUT GLOBAL HUNGER INDEX
- It is published annually by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) since 2006.
- It ranks countries on a 0 to 100-point scale calculated by taking into account four indicator parameters-(i) Undernourished population (ii) Child wasting (iii) Child stunting and (iv) Infant mortality rate .