Current Affairs 15th Oct 2017

 

1 . PHENOMENAL   GROWTH   IN   AREA   UNDER   MICROIRRIGATION – GOVERNMENT

RELEVANCE – GS MAINS I & III  

  • The Centre is working towards bringing 12 lakh hectares of land under micro-irrigation in the current fiscal.
  •  Nearly 8 lakh hectares of area in 2016 -17 was microirrigated.
  • According to the government it intends to bring additional 12 lakh hectares area under micro-irrigation in the current fiscal. That is, it will be 20 lakh hectares in two years, which was never achieved post-Independence.
  • The government planned to complete 99 prioritised irrigation projects across the country by March 2019. These projects, he added, would help irrigate a total area of 76 lakh hectares on their completion.

WHAT   IS   MICROIRRIGATION ?

  • Micro-irrigation, also called localized irrigationlow volume irrigationlow-flow irrigation, or trickle irrigation is an irrigation method with lower pressure and flow than a traditional sprinkler system.
  • Low volume irrigation is used in agriculture for row crops, orchards, and vineyards.
  • It is also used in horticulture in wholesale nurseries, in landscaping for civic, commercial, and private landscapes and gardens, and in the science and practice of restoration ecology and environmental remediation.