1 . Hornbill Festival 2017
- The Hornbill Festival is a celebration held every year from 1 – 10 December, in Nagaland, Northeast India.
- It is also called the ‘Festival of Festivals’.
- To encourage inter-tribal interaction and to promote cultural heritage of Nagaland, the Government of Nagaland organizes the Hornbill Festival every year in the first week of December.
- The first festival was held in 2000.
- The festival is named after the Indian hornbill, the large and colourful forest bird which is displayed in the folklore of most of the state’s tribes.
- The Hornbill Festival is held at Naga Heritage Village, Kisama which is about 12 km from Kohima.
- All the tribes of Nagaland take part in this festival.
- The aim of the festival is to revive and protect the rich culture of Nagaland and display its extravaganza and traditions.
2 . Nagaland Statehood Day
- Nagaland became the 16th state of India on 1 December 1963.
Naga national wakening
- In 1929, a Memorandum was submitted to the Simon Statutory Commission, requesting that the Nagas be exempt from reforms and new taxes proposed in British India, should be left alone to determine their own future.
- From 1929 to 1935, the understanding of sovereignty by Nagas was ‘self-rule’ based on traditional territorial definition.
- From 1935 to 1945, Nagas were merely asking for autonomy within Assam.
- . In June 1946, the Naga National Council submitted a four-point memorandum to officials discussing the independence of India from British colonial rule.
- After the independence of India in 1947, the area remained a part of the province of Assam.
- Nationalist activities arose amongst a section of the Nagas.
- In 1957, an agreement was reached between Naga leaders and the Indian government, creating a single separate region of the Naga Hills.
- In July 1960, following discussion between Prime Minister Nehru and the leaders of the Naga People Convention (NPC), a 16-point agreement was arrived at whereby the Government of India recognised the formation of Nagaland as a full-fledged state within the Union of India.
- Nagaland attained statehood with the enactment of the state of Nagaland Act in 1962.
3 . Cabinet approves setting up of National Nutrition Mission
- The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved setting up of National Nutrition Mission (NNM) with a three year budget of Rs.9046.17 crore commencing from 2017-18.Features:
The NNM, as an apex body, will monitor, supervise, fix targets and guide the nutrition related interventions across the Ministries.
The proposal consists of
· mapping of various Schemes contributing towards addressing malnutrition
· introducing a very robust convergence mechanism
· ICT based Real Time Monitoring system
· incentivizing States/UTs for meeting the targets
· incentivizing Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for using IT based tools
· eliminating registers used by AWWs
· introducing measurement of height of children at the Anganwadi Centres (AWCs)
· Social Audits
· setting-up Nutrition Resource Centres, involving masses through Jan Andolan for their participation on nutrition through various activities, among others.
The programme through the targets will strive to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anemia and low birth weight babies. It will create synergy, ensure better monitoring, issue alerts for timely action, and encourage States/UTs to perform, guide and supervise the line Ministries and States/UTs to achieve the targeted goals.
Benefits & Coverage:
More than 10 crore people will be benefitted by this programme. All the States and districts will be covered in a phased manner i.e. 315 districts in 2017-18, 235 districts in 2018-19 and remaining districts in 2019-20.
An amount of Rs. 9046.17 crore will be expended for three years commencing from 2017-18. This will be funded by Government Budgetary Support (50%) and 50% by IBRD or other MDB. Government budgetary support would be 60:40 between Centre and States/UTs, 90:10 for NER and Himalayan States and 100% for UTs without legislature. Total Government of India share over a period of three years would be Rs. 2849.54 crore.
Implementation strategy and targets:
Implementation strategy would be based on intense monitoring and Convergence Action Plan right upto the grass root level. NNM will be rolled out in three phases from 2017-18 to 2019-20. NNM targets to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively. Although the target to reduce Stunting is atleast 2% p.a., Mission would strive to achieve reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022 (Mission 25 by 2022).
There are a number of schemes directly/indirectly affecting the nutritional status of children (0-6 years age) and pregnant women and lactating mothers. Inspite of these, level of malnutrition and related problems in the country is high. There is no dearth of schemes but lack of creating synergy and linking the schemes with each other to achieve common goal. NNM through robust convergence mechanism and other components would strive to create the synergy.
4 . World AIDS Day
- World AIDS Day, designated on 1 December every year since 1988 is a day dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection and mourning those who have died of the disease.
- Government and health officials, non-governmental organizations, and individuals around the world observe the day, often with education on AIDS prevention and control.
- World AIDS Day is one of the eight official global public health campaigns marked by the World Health Organization (WHO), along with World Health Day, World Blood Donor Day, World Immunization Week, World Tuberculosis Day, World No Tobacco Day, World Malaria Day and World Hepatitis Day.