1 . National Conference on E-Courts Project
- The eCommittee, of the Supreme Court of India in association with the Department of Justice (DoJ) of the Government of India held a two day National Conference in New Delhi on December 2 and 3.
- The Conference focused on the progress, sharing of best practices, experiences, important issues and emerging challenges under the Project.
About e Courts Mission Mode Project
- The eCourts Mission Mode Project (Phase I 2010-15; Phase II 2015-19) is a national eGovernance project for ICT enablement of district and subordinate courts of the country.
- It is being implemented by the Government of India with a total outlay of 1670 crores (Phase II).
- The major objectives of the Project are to make whole judicial system ICT enabled .
- In line with the Digital India Programme of the Government of India which emphasises on Citizen centric services, this project would also focus on Digital Infrastructure as a core utility to every citizen providing Governance and Services on demand eventually making the citizens digitally empowered.
- The eCourts project of the Government is aimed at providing necessary hardware and software applications to enable courts to deliver e-services to citizens, and to enable the judiciary to better monitor and manage the functioning of courts.
2 . National Trachoma Survey Report (2014-17)
- The National Trachoma Survey Report (2014-17) was released on 8th Dec.
- The report declared that India is now free from ‘infective trachoma’.
- The survey findings indicate that the active trachoma infection has been eliminated among children in all the survey districts with overall prevalence of only 0.7%.
- This is much below the elimination criteria of infective trachoma as defined by the WHO- active trachoma is considered eliminated if the prevalence of active infection among children below 10 years is less than 5%.
- The Survey results indicate that active trachoma is no longer a public health problem in India.
- India has met the goal of trachoma elimination as specified by the WHO under its GET2020 program.
- This has been possible due to decades of inter-sectoral interventions and efforts that included provision of antibiotic eye drops, personal hygiene, availability of safe water, improved environmental sanitation, availability of surgical facilities for chronic trachoma, and a general improvement in the socio economic status in the country.
WHAT IS TRACHOMA ?
- Trachoma is a chronic infective disease of the eye and is the leading cause of infective blindness globally.
- This disease is a chronic keratoconjunctivitis caused by the obligate intracellular bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.
- Trachoma is a disease of poor environmental and personal hygiene and inadequate access to water and sanitation.
- It affects the conjunctiva under the eyelids.
- Repeated infections cause scarring leading to in-turning ofthe eyelashes and eyelids. This further causes damage to the cornea and blindness.
- It is found affecting the population in certain pockets of the States of North India like Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Nicobar Islands.
- Trachoma infection of the eyes was the most important cause of blindness in India in 1950s and over 50% population was affected in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh.
- It was the most important cause of corneal blindness in India, affecting young children.