1 . Human Rights Day – 10 December
- Human Rights Day is celebrated annually across the world on 10 December every year.
- Human Rights Day is the day in 1948 the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- The formal inception of Human Rights Day dates from 1950.
ACTIVITIES ON 10th Dec
- The day is normally marked both by high-level political conferences and meetings and by cultural events and exhibitions dealing with human rights issues.
- In addition it is traditionally on 10 December that the five-yearly United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights and Nobel Peace Prize are awarded.
- Many governmental and non-governmental organizations active in the human rights field also schedule special events to commemorate the day, as do many civil and social-cause organizations.
WHAT ARE HUMAN RIGHTS ?
- Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status.
- We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination.
- These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible.
- Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law , general principles and other sources of international law.
- International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups.
2 . World’s largest automated container terminal opens in Shanghai
- China has started trial operations of the world’s biggest automated container terminal – the Shanghai Yangshan Deep Water Port – in the country’s commercial hub.
- Located at the south of Donghai Bridge, phase 4 of the Yangshan Port covers 2.23 million square metres and has a 2,350-metre shoreline.
- Once it enters full operation, the fourth phase of the Yangshan Port will initially be able to handle 4 million TEUs (twenty-foot equivalent units). The number will expand to 6.3 million TEUs at a later stage.
- The project uses automated handling equipment designed and manufactured in China.
- The port will help consolidate Shanghai port’s standing as the world’s busiest container port and further support Shanghai’s efforts to become a world shipping centre.