CURRENT AFFAIRS 24th Dec 2017

1 . Ganga Gram Project launched

The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS) launched ‘Ganga Gram’ Project on 23rd Dec. It is a project for sanitation based integrated development of all 4470 villages along the River Ganga. The Project has been launched under the Namami Gange Programme.

OBJECTIVE

Ganga Gram vision is an integrated approach for holistic development of villages situated on the banks of River Ganga with active participation of the villagers. The objectives of Ganga Gram Project include solid and liquid waste management, renovation of ponds and water resources, water conservation projects, organic farming, horticulture, and promotion of medicinal plants.

NODAL  AGENCY

Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation is the nodal agency for implementation of the Ganga Gram Project. Since the launch of Swachh Bharat Mission in October 2014, the Ministry has constructed 5.72 crore toilets and has made 2.96 lakh villages, 262 districts, 6 States and 2 Union Territories, open defecation free.In August 2017, with active cooperation with the five Ganga States (Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal), the Ministry declared all 4,470 Ganga Grams Open Defecation Free (ODF).

 

2 . Ganga Gram Swachhta Sammelan

Ganga Gram Swachhta Sammelan was held at  New Delhi on 23rd Dec.The Sammelan was attended by more than 1400 delegates including 500 village sarpanches from all five Ganga States (Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal), State and District government officials, NMCG Members and Ganga Swachhta Manch volunteers.The Sammelan was also attended by senior ministers from Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Manipur and Jharkhand.

 GANGA  SWACHHATA  MANCH 

It is a forum of individuals, academicians, civil society organisations and the like, which was launched during the Sammelan. It has been formed upon the initiative of  Ministry for Drinking Water and Sanitation . This Manch has been created for awareness creation, knowledge sharing, learning and advocacy for the Ganga Gram Project.

 

3 . Ethanol supplies set to increase but still inadequate

Ethanol supplies by sugar mills and by ethanol producers finalised for the supply period 2017-2018 [December to November] will be 140 crore litres. This is 26% higher than the supply of 111 crore litres in 2015-2016. Ethanol supplies finalised last year were 66.5 crore litres.

With this, the country would see blending of up to 4.5% ethanol blending with petrol in 2017-2018. The government had earlier made it mandatory for oil marketing firms to ensure that ethanol would make up 10% of the petrol they sold at the retail level.

However, that mandate is yet to see light of day due to inadequate supply of ethanol. OMCs would need 313 crore litres to meet the 10% blending target.

Ethanol supplies also go to sectors such as alcohol and chemicals. If ethanol supplies increase, it would help reduce the oil import bill for the country.OMCs have offered an ex-distillery rate of Rs. 40.85 for a litre of ethanol. Sugar mills and ethanol manufacturers will get almost Rs. 5,700 crore this year from ethanol sales.