CURRENT AFFAIRS 29th Dec 2017

1 .   3.20  crore  beneficiaries  covered  under  National  Social Assistance  Programme  (NSAP) 
  • The National Social Assistance Programme covers 3.20 crore beneficiaries including about 2.40 crore old age pensioners, 70.43 lakh widow pensioners and 10.32 lakh pensioners with disability.
  • NSAP has been included under Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) scheme.
  • For preventing leakages of funds to unintended beneficiaries 100% records have been digitized.

About National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)

  • The National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Government of India that provides financial assistance to the elderly, widows and persons with disabilities in the form of social pensions.
  • It was launched in 1995.
  • NSAP comprises of five sub-schemes namely:
  1. Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS)
  2. Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS)
  3. Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS)
  4. National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS) and
  5. Annapurna Scheme.
  • The schemes of NSAP are implemented both in urban and rural areas, by the Social Welfare Department in the States.
  • Article 41 of the Indian Constitution directs the State to provide public assistance to its citizens in case of ‘unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement and in other cases of undeserved want within the limit of its economic capacity and development’
  • The scheme is administered by the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India.
  • It is fully funded by the Central Government.
  • There is proposal to revamp the National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) as Pradhan Mantri Samajik Suraksha Yojana (PMSaSY) admissible to 5.07 crore beneficiaries.

 

2 .Total  installed  capacity  of  Nuclear  Power  to  increase  to 22,480 MW  by  2031
  • The total installed capacity of nuclear power is expected to increase gradually, to 22,480 MW by 2031 on progressive completion of projects under construction and accorded administrative approval & financial sanction by the Government of India.
  • Seventy years since the constitution of the Atomic Energy Commission in 1948, the total installed capacity of nuclear power in India has reached 6,780 MWe, comprising 22 nuclear reactors which is very small.

Reasons  for  low installed  capacity  base  of  nuclear  power

The low installed capacity base of nuclear power in the country is mainly on account of the technology development in an international embargo regime that persisted from 1974 to 2008 and constraint of resources faced during the initial decades of the nuclear power programme, as it had to depend solely on budgetary support. The low share of nuclear power in the total installed capacity is on account of its low capacity base.

Why nuclear power should be emphasised ?

Nuclear is a clean, environment friendly base load source of power available 24X7. It also has huge potential which will ensure long term energy security of the country in a sustainable manner. Therefore nuclear energy is an important component of the country’s energy mix and is being pursued along with other sources of energy in an optimal manner.

Nuclear Power generation in India

  1. Nuclear power is the fourth-largest source of electricity in India after thermal, hydroelectric and renewable sources of electricity.
  2. As of 2016, India has 22 nuclear reactors in operation in 8 nuclear power plants, having a total installed capacity of 6,780 MW.
  3. Nuclear power produced a total of 35,000 GWh of electricity in 2016.
  4. Nuclear Power stations currently in operation are at –
    Tarapur (Maharashtra) , Rawatbhata ( Rajasthan) , Kudankulam ( Tamil Nadu) , Kaiga ( Karnataka) , Kakrapar(Gujarat ) , Kalpakkam  (Tamil Nadu)  and  Narora (Uttar Pradesh)
3 . FAME- India  scheme 
  • The Government has extended demand incentives to 1,63,997 hybrid/electric vehicles (xEVs) under FAME India Scheme.
  • The phase-1 of FAME India Scheme, which was originally for a period of 2 years i.e. up to 31st March 2017, was extended for a further period till 31st March 2018, with slight modification to the extent of discontinuation of the available benefits to the Mild Hybrid technology under the scheme with effect from 1st April 2017.

About Fame India Scheme 

  1. Government of India had notified FAME India Scheme [Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India] for implementation with effect from 1st April 2015, with the objective to support hybrid/electric vehicles market development and Manufacturing eco-system.
  2. The scheme has 4 focus areas i.e. Technology development, Demand Creation, Pilot Projects and Charging Infrastructure.
  3. The phase-I of the scheme is being implemented for a period of 2 years i.e. FY 2015-16 and FY 2016-17 (extended for a further period till 31st March 2018) commencing from 1st April 2015.

AIM  OF  THE  SCHEME

The FAME India Scheme is aimed at incentivising all vehicle segments i.e. 2 Wheeler, 3 Wheeler Auto, Passenger 4 Wheeler Vehicle, Light Commercial Vehicles and Buses. The scheme covers Hybrid & Electric technologies like Mild Hybrid, Strong Hybrid, Plug in Hybrid & Battery Electric Vehicles.

 

4 . India – a leader in milk production
  •  During the past three years, India has outpaced the global milk production with an annual growth rate of 5.53% compared with the 2.09% achieved globally.
  • India has been the largest producer of milk in the world for the past 15 years.
  • Milk production, which was around 17-22 million tonnes in the 1960s, has increased to 163.7 million tonnes in 2016-17.
  • Per capita availability of milk has increased to 351 grams in the year 2016-17.
5 . Interceptor missile successfully test-fired
  • India has recently successfully test-fired an Advanced Air Defence (AAD) interceptor missile, capable of destroying enemy ballistic missiles at low altitude, from a test range in Odisha.
  • The missile is being developed as part the Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) system and it was the third successful test this year.
  • The endo-atmospheric interceptor made a direct hit with the incoming missile at an altitude of 15 km, completely destroying it. This version has been tested several times, proving its reliability.
  • Shooting down an incoming missile at lower altitudes is more complicated than shooting at higher altitudes due to the higher velocity of the missile.
  •  The endo-atmospheric missile is capable of intercepting missiles at altitudes of 15-30 km
  • The BMD consists of two interceptor missiles, the Prithvi Defence Vehicle (PDV) for exo-atmospheric ranges and the Advanced Area Defence (AAD) missile for endo-atmosphere or lower altitudes.
  • The Indian Ballistic Missile Defence Programme is an initiative to develop and deploy a multi-layered ballistic missile defence system to protect from ballistic missile attacks.