CURRENT AFFAIRS , 5th Jan 2018

1 . National  Waterway-3,  extended  in  the  north  up  to  Kozhikode 

West Coast Canal (WCC) between Kottapuram to Kollam along with Champakara and Udyogmandal Canals, declared earlier as National Waterway-3, has further been extended in the north up to Kozhikode vide National Waterways Act, 2016.

About  National Waterway 3

The West Coast Canal or National Waterway No 3 is a 168-km stretch of this inland navigational route located in Kerala and runs from Kollam to Kottapuram and was declared a National Waterway in 1993. In addition to the main stretch, Champakara and Udyogmandal canals are navigable and connect the industrial centers of Kochi to Kochi port.

Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) under the Ministry of Shipping is coordinating the task for developing, monitoring and administering national waterways. It is the first National Waterway in the country with 24-hour navigation facilities along the entire stretch.It has been extended to Kozhikode as per National Waterways Act, 2016.

2 .  Inclusion of Community in ST List 

The Government of India on 15-6-1999 (further amended on 25-6-2002), has laid down the modalities for determining the claims for inclusion in, exclusion from and other modifications in the Orders specifying lists for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. According to these modalities, only those proposals which have been recommended and justified by the concerned State Government / Union Territory Administration and concurred with by the Registrar General of India (RGI) and the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) are to be considered for amendment of legislation.

 Presently followed criteria

The criteria presently followed for specification of a community as a Scheduled Tribe are (i) indications of primitive traits, (ii) distinctive culture, (iii) geographical isolation, (iv) shyness of contact with the community at large, and (v) backwardness.

 

3 . E-nose technology to determine quality of agri products in Bengal

Bengal government will take help of electronic nose (E-nose) technology to determine the quality of aromatic rice and pulse varieties that the state government buys from farmers to be sold at – Sufal Bangla- fair-price outlets across the state.

The E-nose technology will be introduced at the government’s state-of-the-art quality control laboratory in Singur to ensure the quality of aromatic rice varieties.

Different varieties of aromatic rice have different aromas – for example, Kalo Nunia has a mild smell while Gobindobhog is known for its strong smell. Another technology named Pulse View will be introduced at the Singur laboratory for assessing the quality of pulse.

What is E-nose technology?

An electronic nose is a device intended to detect odors or flavors.The stages of the recognition process are similar to human olfaction and are performed for identification, comparison, quantification and other applications, including data storage and retrieval.

Applications  of  E-nose  technology

Electronic nose instruments are used by research and development laboratories, quality control laboratories and process & production departments for various purposes:

A . In quality control laboratories

1 . Conformity of raw materials, intermediate and final products
2 . Batch to batch consistency
3 . Detection of contamination, spoilage, adulteration
4 . Origin or vendor selection
5 . Monitoring of storage conditions.

B . In process and production departments

1 . Managing raw material variability
2 . Comparison with a reference product
3 . Measurement and comparison of the effects of manufacturing process on products
4 . Following-up cleaning in place process efficiency
5 . Scale-up monitoring
6 . Cleaning in place monitoring.

 

4 . Milestone achieved by Space Technology in the recent years 

In the recent years ISRO has achieved major milestones as mentioned below:

1 . In April 2016, seven satellite constellation for Navigation system NavIC was established.
2 . In August 2016, first experimental mission of Scramjet engine towards realisation of Air Breathing system was successfully tested.
3 . In February 2017, 104 satellites were placed in a single launch.
4 . In May 2017, South Asia satellite was launched, which was a gift to neighbouring countries.
5 . In June 2017, GSLV Mk-III was launched successfully carrying GSAT 19 communication satellite.
6 . In June 2017, Cartosat satellite was launched successfully by PSLV C-38

Indigenous Launching of Satellites

The success of the first developmental flight of GSLV Mark III will enable indigenous launching up to 4 tonne class of communication satellites in the future.

ISRO has been providing commercial launch services for earth observation satellites and small satellites onboard the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) through Antrix Corporation Limited since 1999. The successful launch of GSLV Mark III is a step ahead in building credibility in launching.

ISRO has just completed one launch of GSLV-MK III. Next developmental launch is in first half of 2018. Some more launches of GSLV-MK III will be needed before GSLV MK III gets recognised internationally as a vehicle for transportation to space.

Commercial Launching of Satellite

As on date, Antrix Corporation Limited (Antrix), the commercial arm of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), has successfully launched 209 foreign satellites from 29 countries under a commercial arrangement . Antrix Corporation Limited has enabled launches of satellites belonging to many companies of various countries under a commercial arrangement.