Medical Termination of Pregnancy

  • MTP is Medical Termination of Pregnancy. It is also called induced abortion.
  • It is the medical way of getting rid of unwanted pregnancy.
  • Abortion in India is legal only up to twenty weeks of pregnancy under specific conditions and situations, which are broadly defined as:
    • the continuance of the pregnancy would involve a risk to the life of the pregnant woman or of grave injury of physical or mental health, or
    • there is a substantial risk that if the child were born, it would suffer from such physical or mental abnormalities as to be seriously handicapped.

MTP   ACT   1971

  • The Indian abortion laws falls under the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, which was enacted by the Indian Parliament in the year 1971 with the intention of reducing the incidence of illegal abortion and consequent maternal mortality and morbidity.
  •  The MTP Act came into effect from 1 April 1972 and was amended in the years 1975 and 2002.
  • The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act of India clearly states the conditions under which a pregnancy can be ended or aborted, the persons who are qualified to conduct the abortion and the place of implementation.Some of these qualifications are as follows:
    • Women whose physical and/or mental health were endangered by the pregnancy.
    • Women facing the birth of a potentially handicapped or malformed child.
    • Rape.
    • Pregnancies in unmarried girls under the age of eighteen with the consent of a guardian.
    • Pregnancies in “lunatics” with the consent of a guardian.
    • Pregnancies that are a result of failure in sterilisation.