•  Paika Rebellion of 1817 was India’s first organized armed rebellion against British Raj in Odisha.
  • The Paiks were the traditional landed militia of Odisha. They served as warriors and were charged with policing functions during peacetime.
  • The Paik rebellion had several social, economic and political reasons. The Paiks were alienated by the British regime, who took over the hereditary rent-free lands granted to them after the conquest of Khurda. They were also subjected to extortion and oppression at the hands of the company government and its servants.
  • The Paik Rebellion is also called the Paika Bidroha .
  • The Paiks rose in rebellion under their leader Bakshi Jagabandhu and, projecting Lord Jagannath as the symbol of Odia unity, the rebellion quickly spread across most of Odisha before being ruthlessly put down by the company’s forces.