REPRESENTATION OF THE PEOPLE ACT

  • The Representation of People Act, 1951 is an act of Parliament of India to provide for the conduct of elections of the Houses of Parliament and to the House or Houses of the Legislature of each State, the qualifications and disqualifications for membership of those Houses, the corrupt practices and other offences at or in connection with such elections and the decision of doubts and disputes arising out of or in connection with such elections.
  • The Act was enacted by the provisional parliament under Article 327 of Indian Constitution, before the first general election.
  • The act has been amended several times, but some of the notable amendments include
    • the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1966 (47 of 1966), which abolished the election tribunals and transferred the election petitions to the high courts whose orders can be appealed to Supreme Court. However, election disputes regarding the election of President and Vice-President are directly heard by the Supreme Court.
    • the Representation of the People (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2013 .

    The Representation of the People (Amendment) Bill, 2016 was introduced by Varun Gandhi in Lok Sabha.