SOIL HEALTH CARD SCHEME

RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS AND GS MAINS PAPER -III

QUESTION ASKED IN UPSC EXAM ON- SOIL HEALTH CARD SCHEME

UPSC 2017

QUES –  Consider the following statements :
The nation-wide ‘Soil Health Card Scheme’ aims at
1. expanding the cultivable area under irrigation.
2. enabling the banks to assess the quantum of loans to be granted to farmers on the basis of soil quality.
3. checking the overuse of fertilizers in farmlands.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer (b)

Image result for Soil Health Card Scheme

  • Soil Health Card Scheme is a scheme launched by the Government of India in February 2015.
  • Soil Health card (SHC) is a printed report card issued to farmers  once in three years indicating the status of his soil in terms of 12 parameters.
  • It is also accompanied by an advice on the various fertilizers and other soil amendments he is suppose to make.
  •  SHC is field-specific detailed report of soil fertility status and other important soil parameters that affect crop productivity.

Image result for Soil Health Card Scheme

    Details in a Soil Health Card includes-
    • Information regarding Soil Fertility
    • Dosage of fertilizer application in crops.
    • Information on soil amendments of saline or alkaline soil; and
    • Recommendation on integrated nutrient management.
The 12 parameters tested are:

Major Nutrients

  • pH (Soil Reaction; acidity / alkalinity of the soil)
  • Total Dissolved salts
  • Organic Carbon
  • Phosphorous
  • Potash

Minor Nutrients

  • Sulphur
  • Magnesium
  • Calcium

Micro-nutrients

  • Zinc
  • Ferrous
  • Manganese
  • Copper
The Test Results are shown with colour codes for ease of understanding.

Green= Sufficient (General Recommendation Dose (-) 30%)

Yellow= Moderate (General Recommendation Dose)

Red = deficient (General Recommendation Dose (+) 30%)

Violet = Acidic / Sodic (concentration of sodium or salt indicating salinity) /Alkaline