MICS CURRENT AFFAIRS 24th JAN 2018

1 . Shri  O.P. Rawat  takes  over  as  new  Chief  Election Commissioner 

Shri Om Prakash Rawat has assumed charge as 22nd Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) of India .Shri Rawat has served as Election Commissioner since 14th August 2015.

Also Shri Ashok Lavasa has assumed charge as the new Election Commissioner (EC) of India.

Election Commission of India is a permanent Constitutional Body. The Election Commission was established in accordance with the Constitution on 25th January 1950.

Know About Election Commissioners 

The Election Commission currently consists of a Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners. Om Prakash Rawat is the current Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners are Sunil Arora and Ashok Lavasa .

Originally in 1950, the commission had only a Chief Election Commissioner. Two additional Commissioners were appointed to the commission for the first time on 16 October 1989 but they had a very short tenure, ending on 1 January 1990.

Later, on 1st October 1993 two additional Election Commissioners were appointed. The concept of multi-member Commission has been in operation since then, with decision making power by majority vote.

Appointment & Tenure of Commissioners

The President appoints Chief Election Commissioner and Election Commissioners. They have tenure of six years, or up to the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier. They enjoy the same status and receive salary and perks as available to Judges of the Supreme Court of India. The Chief Election Commissioner can be removed from office only through impeachment by Parliament.

 Removal of members of EC

The Chief Election Commissioner of India can be removed from his office by the Parliament with a two-thirds majority in both the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha on the grounds of proved misbehavior or incapacity. Other Election Commissioners can be removed by the President of India on the recommendation of the Chief Election Commissioner. A Chief Election Commissioner has never been impeached in India.

 

2 . ASEAN  India  Business  and  Investment  and  Expo , 22-23rd January, 2018 , New Delhi

ASEAN India Expo showcases the best in trade and services in India and ASEAN region. Buyers and exhibitors across the sectors such as Infrastructure, manufacturing, manufacturing & engineering, ICT, healthcare, Tourism, Environment, Agriculture, Science & technology, Finance and Banking, Logistics and Retail are participating in the Expo.

The Expo has participation from businesses and CEOs across ASEAN countries, ASEAN country Pavilions, Pavilions of Indian States and Export Promotion Councils.

 

3 . Supreme  Court  directed  the  Centre  to  set  up  Mahanadi tribunal 

The Supreme Court has directed the Centre to set up a tribunal within a month to resolve the long-standing dispute between Odisha and Chhattisgarh over the sharing of Mahanadi water.

A Bench of Justices S.A. Bobde and L. Nageswara Rao asked the Centre to constitute the tribunal and said that all pending issues can be raised before it. The court, however, refused to grant any stay as sought by Odisha government on the seven pick up weirs across the Mahanadi river, which flows through Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Odisha, before pouring into the Bay of Bengal.

About the Issue

Odisha has been demanding formation of a tribunal  to resolve issues relating to Mahanadi between the two states under the Inter-State River Water Disputes Act, 1956 . It has argued that Chhattisgarh has been constructing dams and weirs (small dams) upstream, affecting the flow of the Mahanadi river considered as the “lifeline” on its territory.The construction would affect drinking water supply and irrigation facilities in Odisha .

Performance of the existing tribunals

Under the Inter State Water Dispute Act, 1956, which provides legal framework to address such issues, a tribunal can be formed after a state government approaches the Union government with such a request and the Centre is convinced of the need to form the tribunal.

Only three out of the eight existing tribunals have given awards accepted by the states concerned. Tribunals like those on the Cauvery and Ravi-Beas rivers have been in existence for over 25 years without any award.

Delays are on account of no time-limit for adjudication by a tribunal, no upper age limit for the chairman or the members, work getting stalled due to occurrence of any vacancy and no time-limit for publishing the report of the tribunal.