MICS CURRENT AFFAIRS 25th JAN 2018

1 . Foundation  stone  for  Ghazipur  Intermodal  Terminal 

The foundation stone for an Intermodal Terminal at Ghazipur in Uttar Pradesh is to be laid today.

Constructed by –

The Rs 155 Cr terminal is being constructed by the Inland Waterways Authority of India as part of the World Bank aided Jal Marg Vikas Project on river Ganga or the NW-I, that aims to augment the navigational capacity of the river.

Features

1 . The intermodal terminal at Ghazipur will have linkage to both NW-I or River Ganga and NH-19 which is just 650 metres away. NH19 links Ghazipur in Uttar Pradesh with Patna in Bihar.The terminal will thus be very important for efficient movement of large and small cargo by providing the options for both land and water transportation or the option for intermodal switching.

2 .  The terminal will have facilities like berths, storage areas and sheds, terminal building, communications systems and electrical substation.

3 . It will have a handling capacity of 12 lac tonnes per annum.

4 . As part of IWAI’s efforts to promote environment friendly mode of transport, Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) bunkering facility is also being planned at Ghazipur terminal. IWAI plans to run LNG fuelled vessels on NW1.

5 . The terminal is expected to provide between 5000 direct and indirect jobs.

The first phase of the terminal construction is expected to be completed by April, 2020.

A  sub project under  Jal Marg Vikas project

The intermodal terminal at Ghazipur is one of the several sub projects under the Rs 5369 Crore Jal Marg Vikas project. The other sub projects include construction of three multi modal terminals at Varanasi, Sahibganj and Haldia; a new navigational lock at Farakka, bank protection works, river navigation system, construction of Ro-Ro terminals and another intermodal terminals at Kalughat.

Ecofriendly

IWAI is building this infrastructure along Ganga or NW-I to make the river navigable for cargo vessels. The development of this waterway would result in an environment friendly, fuel efficient and cost-effective alternative mode of transportation, especially for bulk goods, hazardous goods and over dimensional cargo.

Significance of NW-1  &  NH-2

NW-1 is an important constituent of the Eastern Transport Corridor of India, along with the proposed Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor and National Highway -2. This corridor connects the National Capital Region (NCR) with the eastern and north-eastern states, and will also be an important link to Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Nepal and other east and south-east Asian countries through the Kolkata Port and Indo- Bangladesh Protocol Route.

About Jal Marg Vikas project

Jal Marg Vikas project (JMVP) is a National Waterways development project announced during the budget 2015-16 by the Government of India for national integration and to make the most of navigational challenges to bring prosperity to the country. It is  formulated with the aim of reducing rail & road congestion, reducing the carbon footprint and minimal resource depletion.

Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) – the apex statutory body created in 1986 for the development and regulation of inland waterways has been designated as the Project Implementing Agency

The phase-1 of JMVP between Varanasi and Haldia is being implemented with technical and financial assistance from the World Bank. It envisions, developing a navigable channel on the River Ganga, between Allahabad and Haldia (1620 Kms).

 

2 . Management  Information  System  (MIS)  portal  for Anganwadi  Services  Training  Programme  launched

The Management Information System (MIS) portal for Anganwadi Services Training Programme has been launched. The Ministry of Women and Child Development in collaboration with National Informatics Centre (NIC), has developed a Management Information System (MIS) portal for submitting applications / estimates by NGOs for carrying out Anganwadi Services (ICDS) Training through AWTCs/MLTCs.

The first phase of the portal will enable NGOs to submit proposal to the respective States/UTs. They, in turn, process the proposals and recommend requirement of funds for running the Programme in the States/UTs. The Central government would further examine the proposal and release the funds. It will ensure that funds are released timely and reach the beneficiaries for training purpose.

About Anganwadi Services Training Programme

The Anganwadi Services Training Programme under the Umbrella Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme and the overall administration, management and monitoring of the implementation of the Scheme are being done by the respective State Government/UT Administration.

The training provided to the Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) / Anganwadi Helpers (AWHs) and the Supervisors at the Anganwadi Workers Training Centres (AWTCs)/Middle Level Training Centres (MLTCs) is a part of the Anganwadi Services. The Government of India releases funds to the State Governments/UT Administrations for implementation of the Scheme.

About Management information system (MIS)

Management information system (MIS) refers to the processing of information through computers and other intelligent devices to manage and support managerial decisions within an organization.

It is a computerized database of financial information organized and programmed in such a way that it produces regular reports on operations for every level of management in a company.

 

3 . Rapid  Reporting  System  for  the  Scheme  for  Adolescent  Girls launched 

The  Rapid Reporting System (RRS)  – a web based on line monitoring for the Scheme for Adolescent Girls has been launched . The RRS will facilitate the monitoring of the scheme and taking corrective measures by ensuring faster flow of information, accurate targeting of the beneficiaries and reduction of leakages. This Portal has been developed in collaboration with National Informatics Centre (NIC).

About Scheme for Adolescent Girls (SAG)
  • SAG aims at empowering out of school adolescent girls of 11 to 14 years by improving their nutritional and health status, upgrading their skills.
  • In addition to the nutritional support under the scheme, the girls are equipped with information on health, hygiene and guidance on existing public services.
  • MWCD (Ministry of Women and Child Development) is implementing the Scheme  in selected 508 districts across the country.
  • The Scheme aims to mainstream out of school girls into formal education or non-formal education.
  • The scheme is being implemented using the platform of Integrated child Development Services Scheme.
  • Anganwadi Centres (AWCs) are the focal point for the delivery of the services.
  • It is a centrally sponsored scheme, implemented through Centre and State share in the ratio of 50:50, for nutrition component 60:40 for the rest of the activities for State and UTs with legislation, 90:10 for NE and three Himalayan States and 100% for UTs without legislation.
  • The scheme aims at providing them nutritional support @ Rs.9.50/beneficiary/day for 300 days in a year, motivating out of school girls to go back to formal schooling or skill training under non-nutrition component of the scheme.
  • Government has also approved expansion and universalisation of the Scheme for Adolescent Girls in a phased manner i.e. in additional 303 districts in 2017-18 and the remaining districts in 2018-19 with the simultaneous phasing out of Kishori Shakti Yojana.

 

4 . India ranks 177 out of 180 in Environmental Performance Index

  • India is among the bottom five countries on the Environmental Performance Index (EPI) 2018, plummeting 36 places from 141 in 2016, according to a biennial report by Yale and Columbia Universities along with the World Economic Forum.
  • While India is at the bottom of the list in the environmental health category, it ranks 178 out of 180 as far as air quality is concerned.
  • Its overall low ranking – 177 among 180 countries – was linked to poor performance in the environmental health policy and deaths due to air pollution categories.
  • Switzerland leads the world in sustainability, followed by France, Denmark, Malta and Sweden in the EPI.
  • Overall, India (at 177) and Bangladesh (179) come in near the bottom of the rankings, with Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Nepal rounding out the bottom five.
  • The 10th EPI report ranks 180 countries on 24 performance indicators across 10 categories covering environmental health and ecosystem vitality.
  • Of the emerging economies, China and India rank 120 and 177 respectively, reflecting the strain population pressures and rapid economic growth impose on the environment.
About Environmental Performance Index (EPI)

The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) is a method of quantifying and numerically marking the environmental performance of a state’s policies. This index was developed from the Pilot Environmental Performance Index, first published in 2002, and designed to supplement the environmental targets set forth in the United Nations Millennium Development Goals

The EPI was preceded by the Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI), published between 1999 and 2005. Both indexes were developed by Yale University (Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy) and Columbia University (Center for International Earth Science Information Network) in collaboration with the World Economic Forum and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission.