MICS CURRENT AFFAIRS 2nd APRIL 2018

1 . Army increases strength at India-China-Myanmar tri-junction near Tibet

Indian troops deployed along the disputed Sino-India border in the Himalayan range of the Arunachal sector have increased their patrolling at a tri-junction of India, China and Myanmar to prevent a repeat of a Doklam-like standoff.

Why India increased strength at the tri-junction?

1 . The tri-junction, located around 50km from Walong, the easternmost town of India near the Tibet region, is extremely important for India to help it maintain its dominance in the nearby mountain passes and other areas.

2 . Walong, situated on the bank of Lohit river, had witnessed the bravery of Indian troops against Chinese aggression during the 1962 war between the two countries.

3 . After the tri-junction in Doklam in the Sikkim sector, this is the most important tri-junction along the Sino-India border.

4 . The deepening of military engagement between China and Myanmar was another reason for India ramping up its presence at the tri-junction with thick rainforests on the Himalayan ranges.

Background

Troops of India and China were locked in a 73-day-long standoff in Doklam from 16 June last year after the Indian side stopped the building of a road in the disputed area by the Chinese Army. The face-off ended on 28 August.

Disputed areas

Since the Doklam standoff, India has deployed more troops and increased patrolling along the borders with China in the Tibetan region.

China has been laying new roads and improving its overall infrastructure along the nearly 4,000km-long border with India.

Indian troops have also enhanced their presence in all the areas in the Lohit Valley near the tri-junction.

 

2 . India is now second largest mobile phone producer: Indian Cellular Association

India is now the second largest mobile phone producer in the world after China, as per information provided by Indian Cellular Association.

According to the data shared by ICA, annual production of mobile phones in India increased from 3 million units in 2014 to 11 million units in 2017.

India replaced Vietnam to become second largest producer of mobile phones in 2017.

With the rise in mobile phone production, imports of the devices in the country also reduced to less than half in 2017-18.

Fast track task Force

The fast track task Force, a body under Ministry of Electronics and IT, has set target to achieve around 500 million mobile phone production in India by 2019, with value estimated to be around USD 46 billion.

The FTTF, which has members from industry and government, has set target to create USD 8 billion component manufacturing as result of growth in mobile phone production and create 1.5 million direct and indirect jobs by 2019.

The body has set the target to export 120 million mobile phone units with an estimated value of USD 1.5 million by the end of next year.

 

3 . Coal India sets 20 GW solar power generation target in next 10 yrs

Government-owned miner Coal India Ltd  is planning to generate about 20,000 megawatt (MW) in the next 10 years as part of its diversification plan.

The plan will require 40,000 hectares of land and which is already available with the company.

Background

India has set a target to generate 100 GW of solar power by 2022.

Today coal-based power is the cheapest. Renewable naturally will be costly. But the ways work is being done in renewable the day is bound to come when it will be affordable may be after two or three decades .

About Coal India Limited (CIL)

1 . Coal India Limited (CIL), a maharatna, under the Ministry of Coal is the single largest coal producer in the world.

2 . It is headquartered in Kolkata, West Bengal

3 . It was founded in 1975.

4 . Operating through 82 mining areas, CIL is an apex body with seven wholly-owned coal producing subsidiaries and 1 mine planning and consultancy company spread over 8 provincial states of India.

5 . It also fully owns a mining company in Mozambique christened as ‘Coal India Africana Limitada’.

 

4 . Miami title for Stephens

Sloane Stephens held her nerve in an error-strewn WTA Miami Open final to beat Jelena Ostapenko 7-6(5) 6-1 and lift the title for the first time.

Florida native Stephens, who has now won all six finals she has competed in, was determined to win the last tournament at Key Biscayne before it moves to a new venue next year.

 

5 . Highway construction hits record 10,000 km in FY18

Construction of national highways in India hit a record 10,000 km in the year ended March 31 after the government stepped up the pace of implementation and awarding contracts.

On average, 27.5 km of highways were constructed every day in FY18, while contracts were awarded for an average 46 km per day. The construction of 10,000 km of national highways last year compares with 8,231 km in FY17 and 4,260 km (11 km per day) in FY14 . Contracts were awarded for 17,000 km in FY18 compared with 15,848 km a year earlier and 3,169 km (8 km per day) in FY14.

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The total investment in constructing national highways by both the government and private investors was about Rs 1.5 lakh crore, of which almost Rs 1 lakh crore came from budgetary allocation, ploughing back of toll collections and borrowings by the National Highways Authority of India.

In FY19, the expenditure on national highways is likely to exceed Rs 2 lakh crore, of which about Rs 1 lakh crore will come from extra-budgetary resources (including NHAI borrowings and monetisation of existing national highways) and more than Rs 70,000 crore through budgetary grants and tolls.