MICS CURRENT AFFAIRS 3rd April 2018

1 . NIRF India Rankings 2018

‘NIRF India Rankings 2018’ for Higher Education Institutions has been recently released by the Government.

The Rankings List includes 100 institutions each in the Overall, University, Engineering and General College Categories, and 50 each in Management and Pharmacy, 25 in Medical and 10 each in Architecture and Law.

NIRF rankings help set new benchmarks of performance and improve quality of Higher Education.

In this third edition of India Rankings, a total of 2809 institutions have participated in 9 categories.

List of top 3  India Rankings 2018 is as follows:

Overall:

Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru                         1

Indian Institute of Technology Madras                       2

Indian Institute of Technology Bombay                      3

Management

Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad            1

Indian Institute of Management Bangalore               2

Indian Institute of Management Calcutta                   3

University

Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru                         1

Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi                     2

Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi                              3

Colleges

Miranda House, Delhi                                                           1

St. Stephens`s College, Delhi                                             2

Bishop Heber College, Tiruchirappalli                          3

Pharmacy

National Institute of Pharmaceutical                            1

Education and Research Mohali

Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi                                                2

Punjab University, Chandigarh                                         3

Medical

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi   1

Post Graduate Institute of Medical                                2

Education and Research, Chandigarh

Christian Medical College, Vellore                                   3

Architecture

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur                   1

Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee                        2

School of Planning & Architecture New Delhi              3

Law

National Law School of India University, Bengaluru    1

National Law University, New Delhi                                    2

Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad                                  3

Engineering

Indian Institute of Technology Madras                       1

Indian Institute of Technology Bombay                     2

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi                           3

 

2 . Assessment of design, strategy and impacts of DAY-NRLM

Deendayal Antodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) is a flagship programme of the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) that seeks to alleviate rural poverty through building sustainable community institutions of the poor. The centrally sponsored programme is implemented in partnership with the State governments. The Mission was launched in 2011.

During FY 17-18, 820 additional blocks were covered under the “Intensive” strategy. Cumulatively, the Mission is being implemented in 4,459 blocks spread across 586 districts of 29 States and 5 Union Territories (UTs).

Financial Inclusion

As part of its financial inclusion strategy, the Mission closely works with the Department of Financial Services (DFS), Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the Indian Bank Associations (IBA) to provide bank credit to SHGs(Self Help Groups). As a result of the sustained efforts made on both the supply and the demand side the SHGs have been able to access substantial amount of bank credit. The loan outstanding to SHGs have increased  to 64589 crore as of Feb’18.

Financial Services in Remote Areas

The Mission has also achieved significant success in improving the last mile delivery of credit services through the agency of SHGs. About 1,518 SHG members have been deployed as Banking Correspondents Agents (BCAs) to provide last mile financial services including deposit, credit, remittance, disbursement of old age pensions and scholarships, payment of MGNREGA wages and enrollment under insurance and pension schemes.

Interest Subvention

DAY-NRLM also provides Interest Subvention to women SHGs availing bank loans amounting to Rs.3.00 lakhs, to subsidize the cost of borrowing. The interest subvention effectively reduces the cost of borrowing to 7% per annum. In respect of 250 districts, an additional interest subvention of 3% is also allowed on timely repayment of loans, reducing the effective interest rate to 4% per annum. Since the inception of the scheme, a cumulative amount of Rs. 2,324 crores has been provided as interest subvention.

Mahila Kisan Shashaktikaran Pariyojana and Value Chain Initiatives

In order to promote agro-ecological practices that increase women farmers’ income and reduce their input costs and risks, the Mission has been implementing the Mahila Kisan Shashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP). As of March 2018, more than 33 lakh women farmers were being supported under this scheme. Further, about 8 lakh Mahila Kisans have been mobilized into 86,000 Producer Groups (PGs) which are federated into 126 Producer Companies (PCs). These value chain development initiatives have contributed significantly to the farmers’ income from agriculture, horticulture, dairying, fisheries and Non-Timber Forest Produce (NTFP) related activities.

Community Livelihood Professionals

The community driven implementation strategy is the cornerstone of the Mission. This is borne out by the fact that more than 1.72 lakh community members have been trained and deployed to provide support to the community institutions in a variety of themes, such as bookkeeping, training and capacity building, financial services etc.

Start-up Village Entrepreneurship Programme & Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana

As part of its non-farm livelihoods strategy, DAY-NRLM is implementing Start-Up Village Entrepreneurship Programme (SVEP) and Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana (AGEY). SVEP aims to support entrepreneurs in rural areas to set up local enterprises. Implemented in 17 States since 2016-17, about 16,600 enterprises have been supported under SVEP resulting in gainful employment for about 40,000 persons.

Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana (AGEY), was launched in August 2017 to provide safe, affordable and community monitored rural transport services to connect remote rural villages. As of March 2018, proposals from 17 States have been approved and 288 vehicles are operating.

Deendayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana

DAY-NRLM has another sub-scheme viz., Deendayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDUGKY). DDUGKY aims at building placement linked skills of the rual youth and place them in relatively higher wage employment sectors of the economy.

In FY 2017-18, as of Feb’18, 1.28 lakh rural youth have been trained and 69,320 have been placed.

The CIPET and Indo German Tool rooms have also been engaged as Project Implementing Agency of DDUGKY program for high end training with better placement & salary.

Rural Self Employment Training Institutes

The Mission, in partnership with 31 Banks and State Governments, is supporting Rural Self Employment Institutes (RSETIs) for skilling of rural youth to take up gainful self-employment. At present 586 RSETIs in the country are supported by the Mission.  In FY 2017-18, a total of 4.23 lakhs candidates have been trained and 3.34 lakhs candidates have been settled.

 

3 . 34 projects successfully implemented under National Culture Fund Scheme

National Culture Fund (NCF) set up as a Trust under the Charitable Endowment Act, 1890 on 28thNovember, 1996 by the Government, with a view to mobilize extra resources through Public Private Partnerships has successfully completed 34 projects since inception, thus, promoting, protecting and preserving India’s cultural heritage.

The National Culture Fund is managed and administered by a council headed by Hon’ble Culture Minister to decide the policies and an Executive Committee headed by Secretary, Culture to actualize those policies. The Fund aims at inviting the participation of the corporate sector, non-government organizations, private/public sector as well as individuals in the task of promoting, protecting and preserving India’s cultural heritage.

The Government has granted Rs. 19.50 crore as one time corpus fund to National Culture Fund out of the planned budget. Apart from this there is no fund allocated by the Government to National Culture Fund. Besides this, NCF receives contributions and voluntary donations as endowments from many other sources.

 

4 . Six monuments / historical sites in North Eastern States identified for listing under World Heritage Site

As many as 6 monuments/historical sites in the North Eastern states have been identified tentatively for listing under World Heritage Site.

Details of monuments/sites identified/placed under tentative list for listing under world heritage in the north eastern states are given below:

1 . Apatani Cultural Landscape, Arunachal Pradesh
2 . Iconic Saree Weaving Clusters of India
3 . Moidams – the Mound – Burial System of the Ahom Dynasty, Assam
4 . Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh
5 . River Island of Majuli in midstream of Brahmaputra River in Assam
6 . Thembang Fortified Village, Arunachal Pradesh

A total of 83 monuments/sites of the North-Eastern States are centrally protected under the Archaeological Survey of India.

 

5 . Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups

There are 75 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) notified as on date in the country. The criteria followed for determination of PVTGs are as under:

i. A pre-agriculture level of technology;

ii. A stagnant or declining population;

iii. Extremely low literacy; and

iv. A subsistence level of economy.

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is implementing a scheme namely “Development of PVTGs” which covers the 75 identified PVTGs among Scheduled Tribes in 18 States/ UT of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. It is a flexible scheme and covers funding for activities like housing, land distribution, land development, agricultural development, animal husbandry, construction of link roads, installation of non-conventional sources of energy for lighting purpose, social security including Janshree Beema Yojana or any other innovative activity meant for the comprehensive socio-economic development of PVTGs.

Priority is also assigned to PVTGs under the schemes of Special Central Assistance (SCA) to Tribal Sub-Scheme(TSS), Grants under Article 275(1) of the Constitution, Grants-in-aid to Voluntary Organisations working for the welfare of Schedule Tribes and Strengthening of Education among ST Girls in Low Literacy Districts.

 

6 . ‘Monument Mitras’ to adopt heritage sites/monuments to provide world class tourist amenities

Ministry of Tourism in close collaboration with Ministry of Culture and Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) launched “Adopt a Heritage Project” to provide world class tourist facilities at the various natural/cultural heritage sites, monuments and other tourist sites to make them tourist friendly, enhance their tourist potential and cultural importance in a planned and phased manner across the country.

The project primarily focuses on providing basic amenities that include cleanliness, public convenience, drinking water, ease of access for tourists, signage etc. and advanced amenities like TFC, Souvenir shop, Cafeteria etc.

The project envisages that selected public sector companies, private sector companies and individuals will develop tourist amenities at heritage sites. They would become ‘Monument Mitra’ and adopt the sites essentially under their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activity. They would also look after the operations and maintenance of the adopted site initially for the 5 years subject to review at any time.

The project began with 93 ASI ticketed monuments and has now been expanded to other natural and cultural heritage sites and other tourist sites across India. The project was launched by the Hon’ble President of India on 27th Sept, 2017 on the occasion of World Tourism Day.

The heritage sites/monuments enlisted are categorized as green, blue and orange on the basis of tourist footfall and visibility. As a part of project guidelines, it is mandatory for Monument Mitra, who is opting for a monument from green category to choose at least one site from either orange or blue category.

The project focuses on active industry participation to ensure a sustainable model formulation. Resources for the capital and recurring cost is proposed through industry participation, through CSR or any other funding option subject to review and approval of Oversight & Vision Committee.

Monument Mitras would associate pride with these activities and will be provided limited visibility in the monument/site premises.