RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS
QUESTION ASKED IN UPSC EXAM ON M-STRIPES
QUES – The term M-STRIPES’ is sometimes seen in the news in the context of
(a)Captive breeding of Wild Fauna
(b) Maintenance of Tiger Reserves
(c) Indigenous Satellite Navigation System
(d) Security of National Highways
M-STrIPES (Monitoring System for Tigers – Intensive Protection and Ecological Status) is a software-based monitoring system launched across tiger reserves by National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) in 2010 .
The system’s objective is to strengthen patrolling and surveillance of the Endangered Bengal tiger.
HOW IT WORKS ?
Forest guards in tiger reserves are equipped with personal digital assistants and GPS devices to capture data relating to tiger sightings, deaths, wild life crime and ecological observations while patrolling. The software system maps the patrol routes of forest guards, and the resulting data are then analyzed in a geographic information system. This is intended to enhance the effectiveness and spatial coverage of patrols. Additional target outcomes are the evaluation of human pressure and ongoing monitoring of habitat change.
The android-based monitoring software M-STrIPES will be used across all the Tiger Reserves of the country.
Monitoring of tiger reserves in the country has become much easier, quicker and transparent with the launch of M-STrIPES.