National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)

RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS & GS MAINS -III

EXPECTED QUESTIONS

QUES 1- Consider the following statements about NDMA-

1 . On 23 December 2006, the Government of India enacted the Disaster Management Act

2 . The Disaster Management Act envisaged the creation of the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA).

Which among the above statements is /are correct ?

a . only 1

b . only 2

c . both 1&2

d . none of the above

Answer – b

QUES 2- Consider the following statements about NDMA-

1 . NDMA is headed by the President while State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs) are headed by respective Governors

2 .It is not involved in  laying down the policies for Disaster Management as it is the work of the Cabinet.

Which among the above statements is /are correct ?

a . only 1

b . only 2

c . both 1&2

d . none of the above

Answer – d

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On 23 December 2005, the Government of India enacted the Disaster Management Act, which envisaged the creation of the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), headed by the Prime Minister, and State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs) headed by respective Chief Ministers, to spearhead and implement a holistic and integrated approach to Disaster Management in India.

Organisation Structure

The organisational Structure  of NDMA consists of Prime Minister of India is its Chairman; a Vice Chairman with the status of Cabinet Minister, and eight members with the status of Ministers of State.  A functional and operational infrastructure has been built, which is appropriate for disaster management involving uncertainties coupled with desired plans of action.

Conceptually the organization is based on a ‘disaster divisions-cum-secretariat’ system. Each member of the Authority heads disaster-specific divisions for specific disaster and functional domains. Each member has also been given the responsibility of specified states and UTs for close interaction and coordination.

The NDMA Secretariat, headed by a Secretary, is responsible for providing secretarial support and continuity.

The Secretariat deals with mitigation, preparedness, plans, reconstruction, community awareness and financial and administrative aspects.

NDMA Vision

“To build a safer and disaster resilient India by a holistic, pro-active, technology driven and sustainable development strategy that involves all stakeholders and fosters a culture of prevention, preparedness and mitigation.”

NDMA Objectives

1 . Promoting a culture of prevention and preparedness – by centre-staging DM as an overriding priority at all levels and at all times.
2 . Encouraging mitigation measures based on state-of-the-art technology and environmental sustainability.
3 . Mainstreaming DM concerns into the development planning process.
4 . Putting in place a streamlined institutional techno-legal framework in order to create and preserve the integrity of an enabling regulatory environment and a compliance regime.
5 . Developing contemporary forecasting and early warning systems backed by responsive and fail-safe communications and Information Technology (IT) support.
6 . Promoting a productive partnership with the Media, NGOs and the Corporate Sector in the areas of awareness generation and capacity development.
7 . Ensuring efficient response and relief with a caring humane approach towards the vulnerable sections of the society.
8 . Making reconstruction an opportunity to rebuild back better and construct disaster-resilient structures and habitats.

Functions and Responsibilities

NDMA, as the apex body, is mandated to lay down the policies, plans and guidelines for Disaster Management to ensure timely and effective response to disasters. Towards this, it has the following responsibilities:-

1 . Lay down policies on disaster management
2 . Approve the National Plan
3 . Approve plans prepared by the Ministries or Departments of the Government of India in accordance with the National Plan
4 . Lay down guidelines to be followed by the State Authorities in drawing up the State Plan
5 . Lay down guidelines to be followed by the different Ministries or Departments of the Government of India for the Purpose of integrating the measures for prevention of disaster or the mitigation of its effects in their development plans and projects
6 . Coordinate the enforcement and implementation of the policy and plans for disaster management
7 . Recommend provision of funds for the purpose of mitigation
8 . Provide such support to other countries affected by major disasters as may be determined by the Central Government
9 . Take such other measures for the prevention of disaster, or the mitigation, or preparedness and capacity building for dealing with threatening disaster situations or disasters as it may consider necessary
10 . Lay down broad policies and guidelines for the functioning of the National Institute of Disaster Management.