RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS
QUES 1- Consider the following statements about Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK)
1 . PMJVK will cover 308 districts of the country.
2 . It is the restructured form of Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP).
3 .It is designed primarily to address developmental gaps and deficits in identified dalit concentration areas.
Which among the above statements is /are correct ?
a . 1 & 2
b . 1 & 3
c . 2 & 3
d . 1 , 2 & 3
Answer – a
Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK) is the restructured and new name of Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP).
Know about Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP)
MsDP was launched in 2008-09 in 90 identified Minority Concentration Districts (MCDs) having at least 25% minority population and below national average with respect to one or both of the backwardness parameters with objective of developing assets for socio-economic and basic amenities . It was designed primarily to address developmental gaps and deficits in identified backward minority concentration areas.
How PMJVK is an improved version of MsDP ?
1 . The criteria for identification of Minority Concentration Towns and Clusters of Villages have been rationalized by lowering the population percentage criteria of Minority Communities and fulfilment of backwardness parameters in the following manners:-
(i) Earlier only those Towns which were found backward in terms of both in Basic Amenities and Socio-economic parameters were taken up as MCTs. Now, the Towns which were found backward in either or both of the criteria have been taken up as MCT.
(ii) Earlier only those Cluster of Villages which were having at-least 50% population of Minority Community were taken. Now the population criteria has been lowered to 25%.
2 . The area to be covered under PMJVK would be 57% more as compared to the existing MsDP.
3 . The MsDP covered 196 district of the country whereas PMJVK will cover 308 districts of the country.
4 . Provisions related to Monitoring Mechanism, Transparency and Publicity of Information have been further strengthened by including an online module along with geo-tagging.
5 . A provision to bring all implementing agencies under Public Finance Management System(PFMS) and its effective use ensured to monitor fund utilization has been made in PMJVK.
6 . 80% of the resources under the PMJVK would be earmarked for projects related to education, health and skill development.
7 . 33 to 40% of resources under the PMJVK would be specifically allocated for women centric projects.
8 . As compared to MSDP, the PMJVK would now cover five more States/UTs.
9 . The inclusion of Minority Concentration District Headquarters along with the Minority Concentration Towns having population more than 25,000, Minority Concentration Blocks and Cluster of Villages as per Census, 2011 data, will extend the coverage of population of minority communities.