Van Dhan Scheme

RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS

EXPECTED QUESTIONS

QUES 1 . Consider the following statements about -Van Dhan Scheme

1 . It was launched on 14th April, 2018 .

2  . The scheme is under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.

 Which among the above statements is /are correct ?

a . only 1

b . only 2

c . both 1 & 2

d . none of the above

Answer – c

QUES 2 . Consider the following statements about  Van Dhan Vikas Kendras set up under Van Dhan Scheme-

1 . The establishment of Van Dhan Vikas Kendra is for providing skill upgradation and capacity building.

2 . The first model Van Dhan Vikas Kendra has been set up in  Narayanpur.

Which among the above statements is /are correct ?

a . only 1

b . only 2

c . both 1 & 2

d . none of the above

Answer – a

Van Dhan Scheme was launched on 14th April, 2018 during the celebrations of Ambedkar Jayanti at Bijapur, Chattisgarh. The scheme is under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and TRIFED .It is based on the collection and processing of minor forest produce and livelihoods based on it.

Van Dhan Vikas Kendra

Under the scheme Van Dhan Vikas Kendras are being set up. The establishment of Van Dhan Vikas Kendra is for providing skill upgradation and capacity building training and setting up of primary processing and value addition facility.

This first model Van Dhan Vikas Kendra in Bijapur is being implemented for training of 300 training beneficiaries with a total outlay of Rs.43.38 lakhs for training, providing equipments & tools for primary level processing and infrastructure & building for housing the Kendra. This Kendra will have processing facility for Tamarind brick making, Mahua flower storage facility and chironjee cleaning and packaging.

Training and technical support is provided by TRIFED

Key Highlights of Van Dhan Initiative

1 . At unit level, aggregation of produce would be done by SHGs having about 30 members each forming Van Dhan Vikas ‘Samuh’.

2 . Fully equipped training facilities for a batch of 30 trainees with provision for raw material for training purpose and supply of trainee kits (comprising of bag, scribbing pad, pen, brochures, training manual, booklet etc)

3 . Provisioning of working capital for the SHGs through tie up with financial institutions, banks, NSTFDC etc

4 .  A cluster of ten such SHGs within the same village shall form a Van Dhan Vikas Kendra.Subject to successful operations of the samuhs in a Kendra, common infrastructure facilities (pucca Kendra) may be provided to the Kendra in the next phase in terms of building, warehouse, etc. for use of the samuh members .

5 . The stock after primary processing shall be supplied by these SHGs to the State Implementing Agencies or direct tie up for supply to corporate secondary processor.

6 . For creation of secondary level value addition facility at district level and tertiary level value addition facility at State level, Big Corporates shall be involved under PPP model. This PPP model will be based on utilising Private entrepreneur skills in undertaking processing as well as marketing of the produce and Central/ State Govt. support in terms of creating infrastructure and providing enabling environment for undertaking value addition of systematic scientific lines.

Value addition assumes critical importance in ensuring remunerative prices to the tribals in this approach.

Forest produce which may be covered under the Scheme

An illustrative list of important forest produce which may be covered under the initiative are tamarind, mahua flower, mahua seed, hill broom, chironjee, honey, sal seed, sal leaves, bamboo split, myrobalan, mango (amchur), aonla (churan/candy), seed lac, tez patta, cardamom, black pepper, turmeric, dry ginger, cinnamon, coffee, tea, sea buckthorn tea, etc. Apart from these, any other MFP with potential for value addition may be included.

Significance of the Scheme

The Van Dhan Vikas Kendras will be important milestone in economic development of tribals involved in collection of forest products by helping them in optimum utilization of natural resources and provide sustainable forest product -based livelihood in  forest resources rich districts.