WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

RELEVANCE – GS PRELIMS

EXPECTED QUESTIONS

QUES 1 . Consider the following statements about WHO FCTC-

1 .  It was adopted by the  World Health Assembly held in Geneva, Switzerland on 21 May 2003.

2 . The treaty’s provisions include rules that govern the production, sale, distribution, advertisement, and taxation of tobacco.

Which among the above statements is /are correct ?

a . 1 only

b . 2 only

c . both 1 & 2

d . none of the above

Answer – c

QUES 2 . Consider the following statements about FCTC 2030 Project

1 . The FCTC 2030 project aims to support Parties to the WHO FCTC that are eligible to receive official development assistance (ODA) to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by advancing implementation of the Convention.

2 . The project will run from April 2017 until March 2021.

Which among the above statements is /are correct ?

a . 1 only

b . 2 only

c . both 1 & 2

d . none of the above

Answer – c

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The World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) is a treaty adopted by the  World Health Assembly held in Geneva, Switzerland on 21 May 2003.  The treaty came into force on 27 February 2005.

It had been signed by 168 countries and is legally binding in 181 ratifying countries.

Provisions under the treaty

The treaty’s provisions include rules that govern the production, sale, distribution, advertisement, and taxation of tobacco. FCTC standards are, however, minimum requirements, and signatories are encouraged to be even more stringent in regulating tobacco than the treaty requires them to be.

Issues addressed by the treaty

1 . the dramatic increase in worldwide tobacco consumption.
2 . the escalation in smoking and other forms of tobacco consumption by children and adolescents.
3 . the impact of all forms of advertising, promotion, and sponsorship aimed at encouraging tobacco use.

Significance of the Convention

1 . The FCTC represents a watershed moment for international public health as it  was the first  treaty  to be adopted under WHO’s Article 19.

2 . It marks one of the first multilateral, binding agreements regarding a chronic, non-communicable disease.

3 . The perceived success of the FCTC has fueled calls for many other global health treaties.

4 . It seeks to protect present and future generations from the devastating health, social, environmental and economic consequences of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke by enacting a set of universal standards stating the dangers of tobacco and limiting its use in all forms worldwide.

Criticism of the Convention

The actual state compliance with the framework is quite low, and that its implementation infrastructure is ridden with errors.

In a survey that compared WHO’s FCTC implementation database with national implementation reports it was found  that 32.7% of country responses were misreported in the database; 3% were obvious errors, 24.5% were missing despite being reported by countries, and 5.3% were misinterpreted by the WHO staff.

These findings highlighted the need for a stronger WHO infrastructure to track and record state compliance with policies.

FCTC 2030 Project

The FCTC 2030 project aims to support Parties to the WHO FCTC that are eligible to receive official development assistance (ODA) to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by advancing implementation of the Convention. The project will run from April 2017 until March 2021.

Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products

In 2012, a supplementary Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products to the Convention was concluded in Seoul, South Korea. The Protocol will enter into force after it has been ratified by 40 states that have ratified the Convention.