Namami Gange Programme

RELEVANCE – GS PRELIMS & GS MAINS III

EXPECTED QUESTIONS

QUES 1 . Consider the following statements 

1 . Namami Gange Programme was started  in June 2014 with budget outlay of Rs.20,000 Crore. 

2 . The objective of Namami Gange Programme is effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of National River Ganga.

3 . The Ganga basin  accounts for 46 per cent of India’s landmass.

Which among the above statements is /are correct ?

a . 1 & 2

b . 1 & 3

c . 2 & 3

d . 1 , 2 & 3

Answer – a

QUES 2 .Which among the following are the  components of Namami Gange Programme-

1 . Creating Sewerage Treatment Capacity.
2. River-Front Development.
3. River Surface Cleaning.
4. Bio-Diversity Conservation.

a . 1 , 2 & 3

b . 2 , 3 & 4

c . 1 , 3 & 4

d . 1 , 2 , 3 & 4

Answer – d

QUES 3 . Namami Gange Programme will –

a . cover 7 states

b . cover 8 states

c . cover 9 states

d . cover 10 states

Answer – b

About Namami Gange Programme

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‘Namami Gange Programme’, is an Integrated Conservation Mission, approved as ‘Flagship Programme’ by the Union Government in June 2014 with budget outlay of Rs.20,000 Crore to accomplish the  objectives of effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of National River Ganga.

Implementation

Its implementation has been divided into –

1 . Entry-Level Activities (for immediate visible impact).

2 . Medium-Term Activities (to be implemented within 5 years of time frame).

3 . Long-Term Activities (to be implemented within 10 years).

Need of  programme like “Namami Gange”

1 . River Ganga has significant economic, environmental and cultural value in India.
2 . Rising in the Himalayas and flowing to the Bay of Bengal, the river traverses a course of more than 2,500 km through the plains of north and eastern India.
3 . The Ganga basin – which also extends into parts of Nepal, China and Bangladesh – accounts for 26 per cent of India’s landmass.
4 . The Ganga also serves as one of India’s holiest rivers whose cultural and spiritual significance transcends the boundaries of the basin.

Threats to Ganga

1 . Rapidly increasing population, rising standards of living and exponential growth of industrialization and urbanization have exposed water resources to various forms of degradation.
2 . The deterioration in the water quality of Ganga impacts the people immediately.
3 . Ganga has become unfit even for bathing during lean seasons.
4 . The impacts of infrastructural projects in the upper reaches of the river Ganga raise issues.

Components of Namami Gange Programme

1. Creating Sewerage Treatment Capacity.

2.  River-Front Development.

3. River Surface Cleaning.

4. Bio-Diversity Conservation.

5. Afforestation.

6. Public Awareness.

7. Industrial Effluent Monitoring.

8. Ganga Gram.

Salient features of “Namami Gange” programme

1 . Over Rs. 20,000 crore has been sanctioned in the 2014-2015 budget for the next 5 years.
2 . Will cover 8 states, 47 towns & 12 rivers under the project.
3 . Over 1,632-gram panchayats on the banks of Ganga to be made open defecation-free by 2022.
4 . Several ministries are working with nodal Water Resources Ministry for this project includes – Environment, Urban Development, Shipping, Tourism and Rural Development Ministries.
5 . Prime focus will be on involving people living on the river’s banks in this project.
6 . Under the aegis of National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) & State Program Management Groups (SPMGs) States and Urban Local Bodies and Panchayati Raj institutions will be involved in this project.
7 . Setting river-centric urban planning process to facilitate better citizen connects, through interventions at Ghats and Riverfronts.
8 . Expansion of coverage of sewerage infrastructure in 118 urban habitations on banks of Ganga.
9 . Development of rational agricultural practices & efficient irrigation methods.
10 . Ganga Knowledge Centre.

Focus

“Namami Gange” will focus on pollution abatement interventions namely Interception, diversion & treatment of wastewater flowing through the open drains through bio-remediation/appropriate in-situ treatment/use of innovative technologies/sewage treatment plants (STPs)/effluent treatment plant (ETPs) rehabilitation and augmentation of existing STPs and immediate short-term measures for arresting pollution at exit points on river front to prevent inflow of sewage etc.

Mechanism for project monitoring

In order to implement “Namami Gange” Programme, a three-tier mechanism has been proposed for project monitoring comprising of:

1 . A high-level task force chaired by Cabinet Secretary assisted by NMCG at the national level.
2 . State level committee chaired by Chief Secretary assisted by SPMG at the state level and
3 . District level committee chaired by the District Magistrate.