GANGA CONSERVATION

RELEVANCE – GS PRELIMS & GS MAINS III

EXPECTED QUESTIONS

QUES 1 . With reference to  Ganga Mahasabha consider the following statements –

1 . It was founded by Moti Lal Nehru in 1905.

2 .It was associated with conservation of Ganga river.

Which among the above statements is /are correct ?

a . 1 only

b . 2 only

c . both 1 & 2

d . none of the above

Answer – b

QUES 2 .  ‘Aviral Ganga Samjhauta Divas’ is observed on

a .  5 November 1914

b .  6 November 1914

c .  7 November 1914

d .  8 November 1914

Answer – a

QUES 3 . Consider the following statements about  National River Ganga Basin Authority (NRGBA)-

1 . NRGBA was established  on 20 February 2016 under Section 3 of the Environment Protection Act, 1986.

2 . It declared the Ganges as the “National River” of India.

Which among the above statements is /are correct ?

a . 1 only

b . 2 only

c . both 1 & 2

d . none of the above

Answer –b

QUES 4 . Which among the following is incorrectly matched –

a . Human Status to river Ganga –  January 2017

b . National Ganga Council  – October 2016

c . Namami Gange Programme – June 2016

d . Mission Clean Ganga – December 2009

Answer – c

ABOUT GANGA CONSERVATION

Image result for ganga conservation measures

Pollution has been an old and continuous process in the Ganga river.Ganges is considered to be the fifth most polluted river in the world.

A number of initiatives have been undertaken to clean the river but failed to deliver desired results.

A survey of the major initiatives taken in our country to clean the river Ganga is given below –

1 . Ganga Mahasabha

It was founded by Madan Mohan Malviya in 1905. After a long struggle, British India agreed on 5 November 1914 that the uninterrupted flow of the Ganges is the rudimentary right of Hindu believers. The day is known as  ‘Aviral Ganga Samjhauta Divas’ .

2.Ganga Action Plan Phase I & II

The main objective of Ganga Action Plan  was to improve the water quality by the interception, diversion and treatment of domestic sewage and to prevent toxic and industrial chemical wastes from identified polluting units from entering the river.

Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi launched Phase I in 1985, covering 25 Ganga towns in three states; Rs 862.59 crore were spent.
Phase II covered 59 towns in five states; Rs 505.31 cr were spent. Rivers such as Yamuna, Gomti, Damodar, Mahananda had separate action plans.

3 . National River Ganga Basin Authority (NRGBA)

NRGBA was established by the Central Government of India, on 20 February 2009 under Section 3 of the Environment Protection Act, 1986. It declared the Ganges as the “National River” of India.

4 . Mission Clean Ganga

“Mission Clean Ganga” project started on 31 December 2009 with the objective that by 2020, no industrial waste would be released in the river without its treatment, with the total budget of around Rs.15,000 crore.

5 . Eco-sensitive zone

In 2010 the government declared the stretch of river between Gaumukh and Uttarkashi an Eco-sensitive zone.

6 . Namami Gange Programme

Namami Gange Programme, an integrated conservation mission, was approved as the flagship programme by the government in June 2014 with budget outlay of ₹20,000 crore to accomplish the twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of the Ganga.

7 . Ganga Manthan

Ganga Manthan was a national conference held to discuss issues and possible solutions for cleaning the river.  The event was organised by the National Mission for clean Ganga on 7 July 2014 at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi.

8 . Clean Ganga Fund

The Union Cabinet gave its approval for setting up of Clean Ganga Fund in September 2014 with the aim of utilising the collection for various activities under the Namami Gange programme for cleaning the Ganga.

9 . National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG)

The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) is the implementation wing of National Ganga Council which was set up in October 2016 under the River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Authorities order 2016.
The order dissolved National Ganga River Basin Authority.
The aim is to clean the Ganga and its tributaries in a comprehensive manner.

10 . Human Status

In January 2017, the Uttarakhand High Court accorded status of ‘living entities’ to Ganga, Yamuna and its tributaries.