RELEVANCE – GS PRELIMS
QUES 1 . Given below are the statements relating with a National Park-
1 . It is drained by the Rishi Ganga river.
2 . The National Park was inscribed a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988.
The National Park described above is –
a . Rajaji National Park
b . Jim Corbett National Park
c . Gangotri National Park
d . Nanda Devi National Park
Answer – d
Nanda Devi National Park is located in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand.The park is situated around the peak of Nanda Devi (7816).
Important facts for Prelims
1 . Nanda Devi National Park is a part of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve.
2 . It was established in 1988.
3 . Within the National Park lies the Nanda Devi Sanctuary which is a glacial basin.
4 . It is drained by the Rishi Ganga river which passes through the Rishi Ganga Gorge.
A World Heritage Site
The National Park was inscribed a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988 and was expanded and renamed to Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks in 2005 .The Valley of Flowers National Park, with its gentler landscape, meadows of alpine flowers and ease of access, complements the rugged, inaccessible, high mountain wilderness of Nanda Devi.
Important peaks within the park
Nanda Devi , Devistan I, II and Rishi Kot.
Important glaciers within the park
Uttari Rishi Glacier,Dakshini Rishi Glacier,Uttari Nanda Devi Glacier , Dakshini Nanda Devi Glacier , Ramani Glacier and Trisul Glacier.
Important animals found here are Himalayan musk deer, mainland serow, blue sheep , Himalayan tahr , snow leopard, Himalayan black bear , brown bear , Langurs and rhesus macaque .
Fir, birch, rhododendron, juniper , Ramani, alpine, prone mosses and lichens are the main flora . Vegetation is scarce in the inner sanctuary due to the dryness of the conditions. No vegetation is found near Nanda Devi Glacier.