BANDHAVGARH NATIONAL PARK

RELEVANCE –UPSC GS PRELIMS

EXPECTED  QUESTIONS

QUES 1. Given below are the statements relating with a National Park-

1 . It has one of the highest density of Bengal tigers known in the world.

2 . The vegetation is chiefly of Sal forest in the valleys and on the lower slopes, gradually changing to mixed deciduous forest on the hills.

The National Park described above is –

a . Rajaji National Park

b .Kaziranga National Park

c .Bandhavgarh National Park

d . Dudhwa National Park

Answer – c

ABOUT  BANDHAVGARH  NATIONAL  PARK

Image result for Bandhavgarh NP

Location

It is located in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh.

Important facts for Prelims

1 . Bandhavgarh has one of the highest density of Bengal tigers known in the world.

2 . Due to the tropical monsoon climatic zone, the park has been characterized by well defined winters , summers and rains.

3 . Bandhavgarh was declared a national park in 1968.

4 . Bandhavgarh National park was declared as a tiger reserve under project tiger in the year 1993.

Flora

It consists mostly of  Moist Deciduous Forests. The vegetation is chiefly of Sal forest in the valleys and on the lower slopes, gradually changing to mixed deciduous forest on the hills.

Rich mixed forests consisting of Sal (shorea rubusta), Saja, Salai, and Dhobin, etc. with dense bamboo thickets occur in many places.

Fauna

One of the biggest attractions of this national park is the tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) . Bandhavgarh has a very high density of tigers within the folds of its jungles. The 105 km2 of park area  was reported to have about 44-49 tigers  in 2012 .

Bandhavgarh is densely populated with other animals like –  sambar , barking deer , nilgai , Indian wolf , striped hyena,  caracal , chital or the spotted deer (Axis axis) and Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca).

Avifauna

It includes –  Plum-headed parakeet,Green-headed barbet,Orange-headed thrush,Brown-headed barbet
Coppersmith barbet,Alexandrine parakeet,Indian grey hornbill,Rock pigeon,etc.