M.I.C.S. CURRENT AFFAIRS 23rd MAY 2018

1 . Model  Contract  Farming  Act, 2018  

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Reasons for being in news

The Model Agriculture Produce and Livestock Contract Farming and Services (Promotion & Facilitation) Act, 2018  was released  at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi by Union Agriculture Minister on 22nd May.

Announced 

Union Finance Minister in the budget for 2017-18 announced preparation of a “Model Contract Farming Act”.

Drafted by-

Dr. Ashok Dalwai committee

Objectives of the Act

1 . To integrate farmers with bulk purchasers including exporters, agro- industries etc. for better price realization.

2 . Mitigation of market and price risks to the farmers.

3 . Ensuring smooth agro raw material supply to the agro industries.

Salient features of the Act

1 . The Act lays special emphasis on protecting the interests of the farmers, considering them as weaker of the two parties entering into a contract.

2 . In addition to contract farming, services contracts all along the value chain including pre-production, production and post-production have been included.

3 . “Registering and Agreement Recording Committee” or an “Officer” for the purpose at district/block/ taluka level for online registration of sponsor and recording of agreement provided.

4 . Contracted produce is to be covered under crop / livestock insurance in operation.

5 . Contract framing to be outside the ambit of APMC Act.

6 . No permanent structure can be developed on farmers’ land/premises.

7 . No right, title of interest of the land shall vest in the sponsor.

8 .  Promotion of Farmer Producer Organization (FPOs) / Farmer Producer Companies (FPCs) to mobilize small and marginal farmers has been provided.

9 . FPO/FPC can be a contracting party if so authorized by the farmers.

10 . No rights, title ownership or possession to be transferred or alienated or vested in the contract farming sponsor etc.

11 . Ensuring buying of entire pre-agreed quantity of one or more of agricultural produce, livestock or its product of contract farming producer as per contract.

12 . Contract Farming Facilitation Group (CFFG) for promoting contract farming and services at village / panchayat at level provided.

13 . Accessible and simple dispute settlement mechanism at the lowest level possible provided for quick disposal of disputes.

14 . It is a promotional and facilitative Act and not regulatory in its structure.

 

2 . International  Day  for  Biodiversity

When observed and proclaimed by whom?

The United Nations has proclaimed May 22 The International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB) to increase understanding and awareness of biodiversity issues.

When started?

When first created by the Second Committee of the UN General Assembly in late 1993, 29 December (the date of entry into force of the Convention of Biological Diversity), was designated The International Day for Biological Diversity.

Why 22nd May?

In December 2000, the UN General Assembly adopted 22 May as IDB, to commemorate the adoption of the text of the Convention on 22 May 1992 by the Nairobi Final Act of the Conference for the Adoption of the Agreed Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Themes

2018 – Celebrating 25 Years of Action for Biodiversity

2017 – Biodiversity and Sustainable Tourism

About Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), known informally as the Biodiversity Convention, is a multilateral treaty. The Convention has three main goals including: the conservation of biological diversity (or biodiversity); the sustainable use of its components; and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources.

Its objective is to develop national strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity.  The Convention was opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1992 and entered into force on 29 December 1993.

 

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