RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS & GS MAINS – III
QUES 1 . Consider the following statements about Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)
1 . Accorded approval on 1st July, 2015.
2 . An outlay of Rs. 10,000 crores for a period of 5 years (2015-16 to 2019-20).
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
a . only 1
b . only 2
c . both 1 & 2
d . none of the above
QUES 2 . Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) has been formulated amalgamating ongoing schemes viz.
1 . Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP)
2 . Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP)
3 . On Farm Water Management (OFWM) component of National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)
a . 1 & 2
b . 1 & 3
c . 2 & 3
d . 1 , 2 & 3
Answer – d
ABOUT PRADHAN MANTRI KRISHI SINCHAYEE YOJANA (PMKSY)
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by Hon’ble Prime Minister has accorded approval of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) in its meeting held on 1st July, 2015.
Out of about 141 m.Ha of net area sown in the country, about 65 million hectare (or 45%) is presently covered under irrigation. Substantial dependency on rainfall makes cultivation in unirrigated areas a high risk, less productive profession. Empirical evidences suggest that assured or protective irrigation encourages farmers to invest more in farming technology and inputs leading to productivity enhancement and increased farm income.
An outlay of Rs.50,000 crores for a period of 5 years (2015-16 to 2019-20).
Amalgamation of previous schemes
PMKSY has been formulated amalgamating ongoing schemes viz. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) of Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation; Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of Department of Land Resources; and On Farm Water Management (OFWM) component of National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation.
Vision of PMKSY
The overreaching vision of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) is to ensure access to some means of protective irrigation to all agricultural farms in the country, to produce ‘per drop more crop’, thus bringing much desired rural prosperity.
Aim of PMKSY
The scheme aims at bringing concerned Ministries/ Departments/Agencies/Research and Financial Institutions engaged in creation/ use/ recycling/ potential recycling of water, brought under a common platform, so that a comprehensive and holistic view of the entire “water cycle” is taken into account and proper water budgeting is done for all sectors namely, household, agriculture and industries.
Objective of the Scheme
The major objectives of the PMKSY are-
1 . To achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level
2 . Expand cultivable area under assured irrigation (Har Khet ko pani)
3 . Improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water
4 . Enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop)
5 . Enhance recharge of aquifers
6 . Introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal based water for peri-urban agriculture
7 . Attract greater private investment in precision irrigation system.
Decentralized State level planning
The programme architecture of PMKSY aims at a ‘decentralized State level planning and execution’ structure, in order to allow States to draw up a District Irrigation Plan (DIP) and a State Irrigation Plan (SIP). DIP will have holistic developmental perspective of the district outlining medium to long term developmental plans integrating three components namely, water sources, distribution network and water use application of the district to be prepared at two levels – the block and the district.
Supervision & Monitoring
The programme will be supervised and monitored at the national level by an Inter-Ministerial National Steering Committee (NSC) under the Chairmanship of the Prime Minister with Union Ministers of all concerned Ministries. A National Executive Committee (NEC) is to be constituted under the Chairmanship of the Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog to oversee programme implementation, allocation of resources, inter ministerial coordination, monitoring and performance assessment, addressing administrative issues etc.