RAMSAR CONVENTION

RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS & GS MAINS – III

EXPECTED QUESTIONS

First go through the text (given after the questions) and then attempt the questions

QUES 1 . Consider the following statements with respect to Ramsar Convention –

1 .It was adopted in the Iranian city of Ramsar in 1973 and came into force in 1975.

2 . The convention entered into force in India on 1 February 1985.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

a . only 1

b . only 2

c . both of the above

d . none of the above

Answer – d

QUES 2 .  Consider the following statements with respect to Ramsar Convention –

1 . The 2nd of February each year is observed as World Wetlands Day.

2 . 2nd of February marks the date on which the Convention on Wetlands came into force.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

a . only 1

b . only 2

c . both of the above

d . none of the above

Answer – a

QUES 3 . The Conference of the Contracting Parties (COP) of the Ramsar Convention meet after every-

a . one year

b . two years

c . three years

d . four years

Answer – c

QUES 4 . The International Organization Partners (IOPs) of Ramsar Convention are:

1 . Birdlife International
2 . International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
3 . International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
4 . Wetlands International
5 . WWF International
6 . Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust (WWT)

codes:

a . 3 , 4 & 6

b . 2 , 3 , 4 & 6

c . 1 ,  3 , 4 & 6

d . 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 & 6

Answer – d

ABOUT RAMSAR CONVENTION

Image result for ramsar convention

Important facts for prelims

1 . The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands.

2 . It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands or Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance .

3 . The Convention was adopted in the Iranian city of Ramsar in 1971 and came into force in 1975.

4 . Since then, almost 90%  of UN member states, from all the world’s geographic regions, have acceded to become “Contracting Parties”. (169 Parties at present).

5 . The convention entered into force in India on 1 February 1982.

6 . India currently has 26 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites).

7 . The 2nd of February each year is World Wetlands Day, marking the date of the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands on 2 February 1971.

What is the need for conservation of wetlands?

Wetlands are vital for human survival. They are among the world’s most productive environments; cradles of biological diversity that provide the water and productivity upon which countless species of plants and animals depend for survival.

Why a Convention was needed?

Wetlands are among the most diverse and productive ecosystems. They provide essential services and supply all our fresh water. However they continue to be degraded and converted to other uses.

History of the Convention

Ramsar is the oldest of the modern global intergovernmental environmental agreements. The treaty was negotiated through the 1960s by countries and non – governmental organizations concerned about the increasing loss and degradation of wetland habitat for migratory waterbirds. It was adopted in the Iranian city of Ramsar in 1971 and came into force in 1975.

Mission of the Convention

The Convention’s mission is “the conservation and wise use of all wetlands through local and national actions and international cooperation, as a contribution towards achieving sustainable development throughout the world”.

Ramsar philosophy

At the centre of the Ramsar philosophy is the “wise use” of wetlands. When they accede to the Convention, Contracting Parties commit to work towards the wise use of all the wetlands and water resources in their territory, through national plans, policies and legislation, management actions and public education.

Conference of the Contracting Parties (COP)

It is the policy-making organ of the Convention.  Every three years, representatives of the Contracting Parties meet as the Conference of the Contracting Parties (COP).

It adopts decisions to administer the work of the Convention and improve the way in which the Parties are able to implement its objectives.

International organization partners

The Ramsar Convention works closely with six other organisations known as International Organization Partners (IOPs). These are:

1 . Birdlife International
2 . International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
3 . International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
4 . Wetlands International
5 . WWF International
6 . Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust (WWT)

International cooperation

The Ramsar Convention provides the single most global framework for intergovernmental cooperation on wetland issues.

By setting international standards for wetland conservation and providing a forum for discussing global wetland issues, the Convention enables Contracting Parties to share information on wetlands and address issues together.