Samagra Shiksha scheme

RELEVANCE -UPSC GS PRELIMS &  GS MAINS -II (Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources).

PRACTICE QUESTIONS

First go through the text (given after the questions) and then attempt the questions

QUES 1 . Consider the following statements-

1 . Samagra Shiksha scheme was launched on 24th May 2018

2 . It has subsummed three existing schemes: Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shikskha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA).

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

a . only 1

b . only 2

c . both of the above

d . none of the above

Answer – a

QUES 2 . Which among the following are the features of Samagra Shiksha scheme-

1 . It focuses on two T’s – Teachers and Technology. 

2 . Strengthening of libraries through annual grant.

3 . Every school will get sports equipment. 

4 . Kasturba Gandhi BalikaVidyalaya (KGBV) to be expanded from Class 6-8 to Class 6-12.

codes:

a . 1 , 2 & 3

b . 2 , 3 & 4

c . 1 , 3 & 4

d . 1 , 2 , 3 & 4

Answer – d

Launch

Samagra Shiksha scheme was launched on 24th May 2018 by subsuming three existing schemes: Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shikskha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE).

What is unique about the Scheme? 

The Scheme is a paradigm shift in the conceptual design of school education by treating ‘school’ holistically as a continuum from pre-school, primary, upper primary, secondary and senior secondary levels.

‘Samagra’ means a holistic approach to treat education as a whole and the Scheme is very aptly named as it sees school education holistically without segmenting it into various levels of education.

Focus of the scheme

It focuses on improving quality of education at all levels by integrating the two T’s – Teachers and Technology.

Objectives of the scheme

The objectives of the scheme include:
1 . Provision of quality education.
2 . Enhancing learning outcomes of students
3 . Bridging social and gender gaps in school education and promoting vocationalisation of education.
4 . Strengthening teacher education institutions like SCERTs and Diets to improve quality of teachers.
5 . Strengthening of libraries through annual grant of Rs 5,000 to Rs 20,000 per school.

Budget of the scheme

Earlier the budget on the three schemes ie SSA, RMSA and Teacher Education was Rs. 28,000 crore in 2017-18. But the budget outlay on the new scheme will be now Rs. 34,000 crore in 2018-19 and to Rs. 41,000 crore in 2019-20.

Impetus to “Khelega India Khilega India”

Every school will get sports equipment under the Samagra Shiksha, at the cost of Rs. 5000 for Primary, Rs. 10,000 for Upper Primary & up to Rs. 25,000 for HSC & SSC   schools to inculcate & emphasize relevance of sports to realise the dream of “Khelega India Khilega India”.

Expansion of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) under Samagra Shiksha

Kasturba Gandhi BalikaVidyalaya (KGBV) to be expanded from Class 6-8 to Class 6-12 with allocation of Rs. 4385.60 crores in 2018-19 & Rs. 4553.10 crores in 2019-20.

Emphasis on active participation of all stakeholders

The Scheme envisages active participation of all stakeholders especially the parents/guardians, School ManagementCommittee (SMC) members, community and the state functionaries towards the efforts to ensure quality education to children.

Emphasis on two T’s – Teachers and Technology

A teacher is the fulcrum of the school education system. Scheme will focus on strengthening this crucial pillar by making SCERTs and DIETs the nodal agencies for teacher training. These institutions would be strengthened to emphasize the integration of in-service and pre-service training structures in States to make it need-focused and dynamic. This would strengthen the quality of teaching in schools across levels.

“DIKSHA”– the national digital platform for teachers would put high quality teaching learning resources for ready use of teachers. The Scheme will support ‘Operation Digital Board’ in all secondary schools over a period of 5 years, so as to enhance the use of digital technology through smart classrooms, digital boards and DTH channels. The Digital initiatives like Shaala Kosh, Shagun, Shaala Saarthi will be strengthened.

Significance of the scheme

It will enable reaping the benefits of technology and widening the access of good quality education across all States and UTs and across all sections of the Society.

This approach would help to shift the focus of student learning from content to competencies.