RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS & GS MAINS-III
First go through the text (given after the questions) and then attempt the questions.
QUES 1 .The State Governments can notify areas as Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHS) under-
a . Biological Diversity Rules, 2004
b . Biological Diversity Act, 2002
c . Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
d . Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
Answer – b
QUES 2 .Which among the following types of area can qualify for inclusion as Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHS)-
1 . Areas that provide habitats, aquatic or terrestrial, for seasonal migrant species for feeding and breeding.
2 . Areas that contain a mosaic of natural, semi-natural, and man made habitats, which together contain a significant diversity of life forms.
3 . Areas that contain significant domesticated biodiversity component and /or representative agro-ecosystems with ongoing agricultural practices that sustain this diversity.
4 . Areas that are significant from a biodiversity point of view as also are important cultural spaces.
a . 1 , 2 & 3
b . 2 & 4
c . 3 & 4
d . 1 , 2 , 3 & 4
Answer – d
ABOUT BIODIVERSITY HERITAGE SITES
“Biodiversity Heritage Sites” (BHS) are well defined areas that are unique, ecologically fragile ecosystems – terrestrial, coastal and inland waters and, marine having rich biodiversity comprising of any one or more of the following components:-
Richness of wild as well as domesticated species or intra-specific categories, high endemism, presence of rare and threatened species, keystone species, species of evolutionary significance, wild ancestors of domestic/ cultivated species or their varieties, past pre-eminence of biological components represented by fossil beds and having significant cultural, ethical or aesthetic values and are important for the maintenance of cultural diversity, with or without a long history of human association with them.
Under Section 37 of Biological Diversity Act, 2002 (BDA) the State Government in consultation with local bodies may notify in the official gazette, areas
of biodiversity importance as Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHS).
Criteria for identification of BHS
Areas having any of the following characteristics may qualify for inclusion as BHS-
a. Areas that contain a mosaic of natural, semi-natural, and man made habitats, which together contain a significant diversity of life forms.
b. Areas that contain significant domesticated biodiversity component and /or representative agro-ecosystems with ongoing agricultural practices that sustain this diversity.
c. Areas that are significant from a biodiversity point of view as also are important cultural spaces such as sacred groves/trees and sites, or other large community conserved areas.
d. Areas including very small ones that offer refuge or corridors for threatened and endemic fauna and flora, such as community conserved areas or urban greens and wetlands.
e. All kinds of legal land uses whether government, community or private land could be considered under the above categories.
f. As far as possible those sites may be considered which are not covered under Protected Area network under the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 as amended.
g. Areas that provide habitats, aquatic or terrestrial, for seasonal migrant species for feeding and breeding.
h. Areas that are maintained as preservation plots by the research wing of Forest department.
i. Medicinal Plant Conservation Areas.
List of Biodiversity Heritage Sites
1 . Nallur Tamarind Grove – Bengaluru
2 . Hogrekan – Chikmagalur
3 . University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK Campus, Bengaluru – Bengaluru
4 . Ambaraguda – Shimoga
5 . Glory of Allapalli – Gadchiroli
6 . Tonglu BHS under the Darjeeling Forest Division – Darjeeling
7 . Dhotrey BHS under the Darjeeling Forest Division -Darjeeling
8 . Dialong Village – Tamenglong
9 . Ameenpur lake – Sangareddy