RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS & GS MAINS-III
First go through the text (given after the questions) and then attempt the questions.
QUES 1 .Which among the following are the differences between Conservation Reserve and Community Reserve.
1 . Conservation reserves are completely owned by the Government of India whereas in community reserves part of the lands are privately owned.
2 . Community Reserves are covered under Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002 whereas Conservation reserves are covered under Biodiversity Act 2002.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
a . 1 only
b . 2 only
c . Both 1 and 2
d . Neither 1 nor 2
Answer – a
QUES 2 . Which state has the maximum number of Community Reserve?
a . Punjab
b . Meghalaya
c . Kerala
d . Karnataka
Answer – b
What is Community Reserve?
Community reserves are protected areas which typically act as buffer zones to or connectors and migration corridors between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests of India.
How Community Reserve are different from Conservation Reserve?
Areas are designated as conservation reserves if they are uninhabited and completely owned by the Government of India but used for subsistence by communities. However areas will be designated as community reserves if part of the lands are privately owned.
Thus ownership of land is the main point of difference between Conservation Reserve and Community Reserve.
However , both of them are covered under Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
These protected area categories were first introduced in the Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002 − the amendment to the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.
Need for Community reserves
These categories were added because of reduced protection in and around existing or proposed protected areas due to private ownership of land, and land use.
What is unique about Community reserves?
Community reserves are the first instances of private land being accorded protection under the Indian legislature. It opens up the possibility of communally owned for-profit wildlife resorts, and also causes privately held areas under non-profit organizations like land trusts to be given protection.
Number of Community reserves
There are 45 Community reserves in our country. Of these 45 Community reserves , Meghalaya alone has 41 Community reserves , 2 Community reserves are in Punjab whereas Karnataka and Kerala have one Community reserve each.