Conservation Reserves

RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS & GS MAINS – III

PRACTICE QUESTIONS

First go through the text (given after the questions) and then attempt the questions.

QUES 1 . Consider the following statements about  Conservation Reserves-

1 . They act as buffer zones and migration corridors between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests.

2 . They are partly owned by the Government of India and partly by community.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

a . only 1

b . only 2

c . both of the above

d . none of the above

Answer – a

QUES 2 . Consider the following statements about  Conservation Reserves-

1 . These categories roughly correspond to IUCN Category V (conservation reserves) protected areas.

2 . Tiruppadaimarathur conservation reserve is the first Conservation Reserve in the country.

3 . These protected area categories were first introduced in Biodiversity Act 2002.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

a . 1 & 2

b . 1 & 3

c . 2 & 3

d . 1 , 2 & 3

Answer – a

ABOUT CONSERVATION RESERVE

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What is Conservation Reserve?

Conservation reserves in India denote protected areas of India which typically act as buffer zones to or connectors and migration corridors between established national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserved and protected forests of India.

Such areas are designated as conservation areas if they are uninhabited and completely owned by the Government of India but used for subsistence by communities.

IUCN Category V protected areas

These categories roughly correspond to IUCN Category V (conservation reserves) protected areas.

Administration

Administration of such reserves would be through local people and local agencies like the gram panchayat

Introduced in –

These protected area categories were first introduced in the Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002 − the amendment to the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.

First Conservation Reserve

Tiruppadaimarathur conservation reserve near Thirunelveli District of Tamil Nadu, declared in 2005, is the first Conservation Reserve in the country.

Need for Conservation Reserves

These categories were added because of reduced protection in and around existing or proposed protected areas due to habitations and land use.

Significance of Conservation Reserves

It provides a flexible system to achieve wildlife conservation without compromising community needs.