Key Biodiversity Areas

RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS & GS MAINS – III

PRACTICE QUESTIONS

First go through the text (given after the questions) and then attempt the questions.

QUES 1 . Globally Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) are designated based on 11 criteria defined under broad categories of-

1 . Threatened biodiversity.

2 . Geographically restricted biodiversity.

3 . Ecological integrity.

4 . Biological processes.

5 . Irreplaceability.

codes:

a . 1 , 3 & 4

b . 2 , 3 & 5

c . 2 , 3 , 4 , & 5

d . 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 & 5

Answer – d

QUES 2 . Which among the following are Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) Partners:

a . BirdLife International
b . ​IUCN
c . Global Environment Facility
d . All of the above

Answer – d

Over 15,000 Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) have been identified so far © Dimitri B

Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) is an umbrella term commonly used to include areas that contribute to the global persistence of biodiversity, including vital habitat for threatened plant and animal species in terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems.

Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) are nationally identified sites of global significance. The identification of KBAs is an important approach to address biodiversity conservation at the site scale i.e. at the level of individual protected areas, concessions and land management units.

Identification of KBAs

KBAs are identified using globally standardised criteria and thresholds, and have clearly defined boundaries. There is no maximum or minimum size of sites, because appropriate size varies according to the socio-economic criteria, such as land use and tenure.

Globally KBAs are designated based on 11 criteria defined under five broad categories of-

1 . Threatened biodiversity.

2 . Geographically restricted biodiversity.

3 . Ecological integrity.

4 . Biological processes.

5 . Irreplaceability.

The criteria for designating a site as KBA have been described in the document “The Global Standard for the Identification of Key Biodiversity Areas (2016)” by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

KBA sites in India

IUCN identifies 531 KBA sites in India.

KBA – an ‘umbrella’ designation

KBAs are seen as an ‘umbrella’ designation, which includes globally important sites for different taxa and realms, such as:

1 . Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs);
2 . Important Plant Areas (IPAs);
3 . Important Sites for Freshwater Biodiversity;
4 . Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) sites.

Objectives

1 . Develop technical and conservation capacity within individual countries and on a global scale.
2 . Develop partnerships between key organisations – both governmental and nongovernmental – concerned with site conservation.
3 . Build broad understanding of the process, and broad ownership of the final site list.
4 . Focus any new survey work on the most important gaps in knowledge

The KBA Partnership

The KBA Partnership is formed by 11 of the world´s leading conservation organizations, who are each committing US$1 million over five years to advance KBA Programme. The current KBA Partners are:

1 . BirdLife International
2 . ​IUCN
3 . Amphibian Survival Alliance
4 .Critical Ecosystems Partnership Fund
5 . Conservation International
6 . Global Environment Facility
7 . Global Wildlife Conservation
8 . Nature Serve
9 . Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
10 . World Wildlife Fund
11 . Wildlife Conservation Society