BONN CONVENTION

RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS & GS MAINS-III

PRACTICE QUESTIONS

First go through the text (given after the questions) and then attempt the questions.

QUES 1. Consider the following statements with respect to Bonn Convention

1 . It aims to conserve terrestrial, marine and avian migratory species throughout their range.

2 . The Convention was signed in 1979 and entered into force in 1983. 

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

a . 1 only

b . 2 only

c . Both 1 and 2

d . Neither 1 nor 2

Answer – c

QUES 2 . Consider the following statements with respect to Bonn Convention

1 . CMS COP is known as Global Wildlife conference.

2 . Appendix I of the Convention is related with Migratory Species requiring international cooperation.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

a . 1 only

b . 2 only

c . Both 1 and 2

d . Neither 1 nor 2

Answer – a

ABOUT BONN CONVENTION

Image result for bonn convention

It is an international treaty, concluded under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme, concerned with the conservation of wildlife and habitats on a global scale.

The Convention was signed in 1979 in Bonn (hence the name), and entered into force in 1983.

Also known as

 Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals OR  Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) OR Bonn Convention . CMS COP is known as Global Wildlife conference.

Aim of Bonn Convention

It aims to conserve terrestrial, marine and avian migratory species throughout their range.

Parties to the Convention

126 Parties from Africa, Central and South America, Asia, Europe and Oceania.

Core principles

Core principles of the Convention are set out in Article 2. Article 2(3) of the Convention states that

The Parties:

(a) Should promote, cooperate in and support research relating to migratory species;

(b) Shall endeavour to provide immediate protection for migratory species included in Appendix I; and

(c) Shall endeavour to conclude AGREEMENTS covering the conservation and management of migratory species included in Appendix II.

Appendix I – Threatened Migratory Species
Migratory species threatened with extinction are listed on Appendix I of the Convention.

Appendix II – Migratory Species requiring international cooperation
Migratory species that need or would significantly benefit from international co-operation are listed in Appendix II of the Convention.

Species covered

The CMS Family covers a great diversity of migratory species. The Appendices of CMS include many mammals, including land mammals, marine mammals and bats; birds; fish; reptiles and one insect.

Significance of Bonn Convention

The CMS is the only global and UN-based intergovernmental organization established exclusively for the conservation and management of terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory species throughout their range.

CMS acts as a framework Convention. The agreements may range from legally binding treaties (called Agreements) to less formal instruments, such as Memoranda of Understanding, and can be adapted to the requirements of particular regions. The development of models tailored according to the conservation needs throughout the migratory range is a unique capacity to CMS.