RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS & GS MAINS-III
First go through the text (given after the questions) and then attempt the questions.
QUES 1 . The GRIHA Rating system may lead to
1 . Reduced destruction of natural areas, habitats, and biodiversity, and reduced soil loss from erosion etc.
2 . Reduced water consumption.
3 . Limited waste generation due to recycling and reuse.
4 . Reduced pollution loads.
5 . Increased user productivity.
Select the correct code :
a . 1 , 2 & 4
b . 2 , 4 & 5
c . 1 , 3 , 4 & 5
d . 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 & 5
Answer – d
GRIHA is an acronym for Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment.
GRIHA is a environmental rating tool that helps people assesses the performance of their building against certain nationally acceptable benchmarks.
GRIHA is a Sanskrit word meaning – ‘Abode’. Human Habitats (buildings) interact with the environment in various ways. Throughout their life cycles, from construction to operation and then demolition, they consume resources in the form of energy, water, materials, etc. and emit wastes either directly in the form of municipal wastes or indirectly as emissions from electricity generation.
GRIHA attempts to minimize a building’s resource consumption, waste generation, and overall ecological impact to within certain nationally acceptable limits / benchmarks.
Salient features of GRIHA
1 . GRIHA attempts to quantify aspects such as energy consumption, waste generation, renewable energy adoption, etc. so as to manage, control and reduce the same to the best possible extent.
2 . It evaluates the environmental performance of a building holistically over its entire life cycle, thereby providing a definitive standard for what constitutes a ‘green building’.
3 . The rating system, based on accepted energy and environmental principles, will seek to strike a balance between the established practices and emerging concepts, both national and international.
International recognition of GRIHA
Internationally, GRIHA has been recognized as:
1 . An innovative tool for sustainable development by the United Nations.
2 . A tool for implementing renewable energy in the building sector by ‘The Climate Reality project’- an organisation founded by Mr. Al Gore
3 . UNEP-SBCI has developed the “Common Carbon Metric” (kWhr/sq m/annum), for international building energy data collection -based on inputs from GRIHA (among others).
Benefits of GRIHA
GRIHA Rating will lead to-
1 . Reduced energy consumption without sacrificing the comfort levels.
2 . Reduced destruction of natural areas, habitats, and biodiversity, and reduced soil loss from erosion etc.
3 . Reduced air and water pollution (with direct health benefits).
4 . Reduced water consumption.
5 . Limited waste generation due to recycling and reuse.
6 . Reduced pollution loads.
7 . Increased user productivity.
8 . Enhanced image and marketability.
Significance of GRIHA System
On a broader scale, this system, along with the activities and processes that lead up to it, will benefit the community at large with the improvement in the environment by reducing GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions, reducing energy consumption and the stress on natural resources.