United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)

RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS

PRACTICE QUESTIONS

First go through the text (given after the questions) and then attempt the questions.

QUES 1 .Consider the following statements with respect to United Nations Convention  to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)-

1 .  It was adopted in Paris, France in 1994 and entered into force in 1996.

2 .It is the sole legally binding international agreement linking environment and development to sustainable land management.

Which among the above statements is/are correct?

a . 1 only

b . 2 only

c . Both 1 and 2

d . Neither 1 nor 2

Answer – c

QUES 2 . Which among the following   is/are the focus of UNCCD-

1 . To improve the living conditions for people in drylands.

2 . To maintain and restore land and soil productivity.

3 . To mitigate the effects of drought.

codes:

a . 2 only

b . 3 only

c . 2 & 3

d . 1 , 2 & 3

Answer – d

ABOUT  UNCCD

Image result for unccd

United Nations Convention  to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) is the sole legally binding international agreement linking environment and development to sustainable land management. It was adopted in Paris, France in 1994 and entered into force in 1996.

The Convention addresses specifically the arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, known as the drylands, where some of the most vulnerable ecosystems and peoples can be found.

Parties to the Convention 

197 (196 states + the European Union).

Focus of UNCCD

1 . To improve the living conditions for people in drylands

2 . To maintain and restore land and soil productivity

3 . To mitigate the effects of drought.

Approach of UNCCD

The UNCCD is committed to a bottom-up approach, encouraging the participation of local people in combating desertification and land degradation. It facilitates cooperation between developed and developing countries, particularly around knowledge and technology transfer for sustainable land management.

UNCCD 2018-2030 Strategic Framework

The new UNCCD 2018-2030 Strategic Framework is the most comprehensive global commitment to achieve Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) in order to restore the productivity of vast expanses of degraded land, improve the livelihoods of more than 1.3 billion people, and reduce the impacts of drought on vulnerable populations.

Collaboration with CBD and UNFCCC

As the dynamics of land, climate and biodiversity are intimately connected, the UNCCD collaborates closely with the other two Rio Conventions; the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), to meet the complex challenges with an integrated approach and the best possible use of natural resources.