RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS & GS MAINS – II (Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes)
First go through the text (given after the questions) and then attempt the questions.
QUES 1 . Consider the following statements about Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups(PVTGs):
1 .There are 55 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups(PVTGs) out of 705 Scheduled Tribes, spread over 18 states / Union Territory (UT), in the country.
2 . In 1973, the Dhebar Commission created Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) as a separate category, who are less developed among the tribal groups.
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
a . 1 only
b . 2 only
c . Both 1 and 2
d . Neither 1 nor 2
QUES 2 . Which article of the Indian constitution deals with Grants made by Union to certain States to meet the costs of welfare schemes for development of the Scheduled Tribes
a . Article 274
b . Article 275(1)
c . Article 275(2)
d . Article 276
Answer – b
About Development of PVTGs scheme
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is implementing a scheme namely “Development of PVTGs” which covers the 75 identified PVTGs among Scheduled Tribes in 18 States/ UT of Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
The scheme is effective from 01.04.2015.
Purpose of the Scheme
It is a flexible scheme and covers funding for activities like housing, land distribution, land development, agricultural development, animal husbandry, construction of link roads, installation of non-conventional sources of energy for lighting purpose, social security including Janshree Beema Yojana or any other innovative activity meant for the comprehensive socio-economic development of PVTGs.
Priority is also assigned to PVTGs under the schemes of Special Central Assistance (SCA) to Tribal Sub-Scheme(TSS), Grants under Article 275(1) of the Constitution, Grants-in-aid to Voluntary Organisations working for the welfare of Schedule Tribes and Strengthening of Education among ST Girls in Low Literacy Districts.
Criteria followed for determination of PVTGs
There are 75 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) notified as on date in the country. The criteria followed for determination of PVTGs are as under:
i. A pre-agriculture level of technology;
ii. A stagnant or declining population;
iii. Extremely low literacy; and
iv. A subsistence level of economy.
Most of these groups have not attained significant level of educational, economic progress and are having low health indices.
In 1973, the Dhebar Commission created Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) as a separate category, who are less developed among the tribal groups. In 2006, the Government of India renamed the PTGs as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).
PVTGs constitute the most vulnerable section among tribals and inhabit isolated,remote and difficult areas in small and scattered hamlets/ habitats. The scheme aims at planning their socio-economic development in a comprehensive manner while retaining the
culture and heritage of the community by adopting habitat development approach and intervening in all spheres of their social and economic life, so that a visible impact is made in improvement of the quality of life of PVTGs.
Hence, priority is accorded for their protection and
improvement in terms of the social indicators like livelihood, health, nutrition and education so as to decrease their vulnerability.
Pattern of funding
It is a 100% Central Sector Scheme.
Scope of the Scheme
Activities under it may include the following:
(b) Employment opportunities and economic development of PVTGs through Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry, Dairy, and Skilling/ Vocational Training
(c) Education, (Literacy, Drop-out, Residential schools in addition to SSA/RMSA).
(d) Health, (Gap filling for effective health service delivery beyond NHM etc).
(e) Provision of safe drinking water (gap filling where line Ministries do not provide complete/ universal coverage),
(f) Land distribution, land development,
(g) Social security,
(h) Housing and Habitat,
(i) Connectivity (Road and Telecommunication),
(j) Supply of Electricity (gap filling where line Ministries do not provide complete/universal coverage), Solar power, with provision of maintenance,
(k) Irrigation (gap filling where line Ministries do not provide complete/universal coverage),
(l) Urban Development,
(n) Sports including traditional and tribal games and sports,
(o) Any other innovative activity for the comprehensive socio-economic development of PVTGs.