Central Pollution Control Board , UPSC Prelims 2018 GS , SET C QUES 89

SET C – QUES 89

Q . How is the National Green Tribunal (NGT) different from the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)?

1 . The NGT has been established by an Act whereas the CPCB has been created by an executive order of the Government.

2 . The NGT provides environmental justice and helps reduce the burden of litigation in the higher courts whereas the CPCB promotes cleanliness of streams and wells, and aims to improve the quality of air in the country.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a . 1 only
b . 2 only
c . Both 1 and 2
d . Neither 1 nor 2

Answer – b

EXPLANATION

Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)

The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) of India is a statutory organisation under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoE,FCC). It was established in 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. CPCB is also entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.

It is the apex organisation in country in the field of pollution control, as a technical wing of MoEF.

It has responsibilities to conduct monitoring of water and air quality, and maintains monitoring data. It advises the central government to prevent and control water and air pollution.

National Green Tribunal

The NGT was established on October 18, 2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010.On 18 October 2010, Justice Lokeshwar Singh Panta became its first Chairman.

The stated purpose behind establishment was to provide a specialized forum for effective and speedy disposal of cases pertaining to environment protection, conservation of forests and for seeking compensation for damages caused to people or property due to violation of environmental laws or conditions specified while granting permissions.

FOR DETAILS ABOUT NGT , REFER A SEPARATE ARTICLE ON NATIONAL GREEN TRIBUNAL IN ENVIRONMENT CATEGORY.