Geographical indication , UPSC PRELIMS 2018 GS , SET C , QUES 81

UPSC 2018

SET – C , Q 81

Q . India enacted The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 in order to comply with the obligations to

a . ILO
b . IMF
c . UNCTAD
d . WTO

Answer – d

EXPLANATION

WHAT IS GI TAGGING ?

A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on certain products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g. a town, region, or country).

India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 which has come into force with effect from 15 September 2003.

GIs have been defined under Article 22(1) of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights(TRIPS) Agreement.

PURPOSE OF GI TAGGING

The GI tag was primarily developed with the purpose of recognising the unique identity connecting different products and places.

CRITERIA FOR GI TAGGING

For a product to get GI tag, it has to have a unique quality, reputation or characteristic which is attributable to its geographic origin.

SIGNIFICANCE OF GI TAGGING

Getting a GI tag helps a product to be marketed as exclusively from the geographical region it hails from, be it a food product, a beverage, a fruit, a handicraft, a handloom product or any other regionally exclusive entity.