International Labour Organization , UPSC PRELIMS 2018, GS , SET C , Q 85

SET – C , Q 85

Q . International Labour Organization’s Conventions 138 and 182 are related to

a . Child labour
b . Adaptation of agriculture practices to global climate change
c . Regulation of food prices and food security
d . Gender parity at the workplace

Answer – a

EXPLANATION

ILO Convention No. 182 on the worst forms of child labour, 1999

Child labour is a problem of immense global proportions. Following its comprehensive research into the issue, the ILO concluded that it was necessary to strengthen existing Conventions on child labour. Convention No. 182 helped to focus the international spotlight on the urgency of action to eliminate as a priority, the worst forms of child labour without losing the long term goal of the effective elimination of all child labour.

ILO Convention No. 138 on the minimum age for admission to employment and work

One of the most effective methods of ensuring that children do not start working too young is to set the age at which children can legally be employed or otherwise work.  ILO’s Convention 138 is related with the minimum age of admission to employment and work .