Leader of the Opposition, UPSC PRELIMS 2018, GS,SET C, Q86

SET – C , QUES 86

Q . Consider the following statements:

1 . In the first Lok Sabha, the single largest party in the opposition was the Swatantra Party.

2 . In the Lok Sabha, a “Leader of the Opposition” was recognised for the first time in 1969.

3 . In the Lok Sabha, if a party does not have a minimum of 75 members, its leader cannot be recognised as the Leader of Opposition.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a . 1 and 3 only
b . 2 only
c . 2 and 3 only
d . 1, 2 and 3

Answer – b

EXPLANATION

The First Loksabha (1952-57)

It was the first ever election in the Indian Republic. Elections were held for 489 seats.The total number of eligible voters were about 17.3 crore. The Indian National Congress (INC) won 364. Only two other parties won double digit seats.The CPI with 16 seats and the Socialist Party with 12 seats.

The Congress polled closed to 45% of the total vote. The Bharatiya Jan Sangh (BJS), the previous avatar of the BJP won only 3 seats. Independents won the second highest number of seats after Congress. Jawaharlal Nehru was elected the Prime Minister.

Leader of the Opposition in Lok Sabha

First Lok Sabha of independent India did not had a recognized “Leader of Opposition” due to lack of any opposition party  having 10% seats.

First time Lok Sabha got recognized “Leader of Opposition” in 1969 in the form of Ram Subhag Singh from INC(O).