M.I.C.S. CURRENT AFFAIRS 8th JUNE 2018

1 . Dam Rehabilitation & Improvement Project (DRIP) Extended

Reasons for being in news

The Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC) has approved the revised cost estimate of DRIP for Rs. 3466 Crore and extended time period for conclusion of this project till June, 2020.

About Dam Rehabilitation & Improvement Project (DRIP)

DRIP is a state sector scheme with central component to improve safety and operational performance of selected dams, along with institutional strengthening with system wide management approach.

The Scheme commenced in April 2012 and was originally scheduled for six years with closure in June 2018. The total original cost of DRIP was Rs. 2100 Crore with State component of Rs. 1968 Crore and Central Component of Rs. 132 Crore.

Funded by

Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) is an externally-aided project. 80% of the total project is provided by the World Bank as loan/credit and remaining 20% is borne by the States / Central Government (for CWC). Govt. of India has not sought funding from any internal agency for this project.

Coordinating Agency

The Central Dam Safety Organisation of Central Water Commission, assisted by Engineering and Management Consultant, is coordinating and supervising the Project implementation.

Background

Presently, India ranks third globally with 5254 large dams in operation and about 447 are under construction. In addition, there are several thousand smaller dams. These dams are vital for ensuring the water security of the Country; and these also constitute a major responsibility in terms of asset management and safety.

Objectives of DRIP

1. To improve the safety and operational performance of selected existing dams and associated appurtenances in a sustainable manner.

2. To strengthen the dam safety institutional setup of participating States / Implementing Agencies.

2 . TRIFED

Reasons for being in news

Record increase of 77% in sale by TRIFED during 2017-18

About the news

During the year 2017-18, a massive drive for scaling up of Retail Marketing Activities was initiated by TRIFED of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs for achieving the sale target of Rs. 21.00 Crores and corresponding procurement target of Rs.12.25 Crores. A number of new initiatives were undertaken which resulted in substantial increase in sale from Rs.11.37 Crores in 2016-17 to Rs.20.08 Crores (provisional) during 2017-18, a record increase of 77% and a record sale in the history of TRIFED.

About TRIFED

The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED) came into existence in 1987. It is a national-level apex organization functioning under the administrative control of Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Govt. of India. TRIFED has its registered and Head Office located in New Delhi and has a network of 13 Regional Offices located at various places in the country.

Objectives

The ultimate objective of TRIFED is socio-economic development of tribal people in the country by way of marketing development of the tribal products on which the lives of tribals depends heavily as they spend most of their time and derive major portion of their income.

The approach of marketing development of tribal products envisages TRIFED’s role as a facilitator and service provider. The philosophy behind this approach is to empower tribal people with knowledge, tools and pool of information so that they can undertake their operations in a more systematic and scientific manner. It involves capacity building of the tribal people through sensitization, formation of Self Help Groups (SHGs) and imparting training to them for undertaking a particular activity, exploring marketing possibilities in national as well as international markets, creating opportunities for marketing tribal products on a sustainable basis, creating a brand and providing other services.

Activities of TRIFED

The activity of TRIFED is divided into two categories :

I .  Minor Forest Produces(MFP) Development

1 . MFP Development
2 . MSP for MFPs
3 . R&D of MFPs

II . Retail Marketing Development

1 . Retail Marketing Development
2 . Handicraft / Handloom development Training

 

3 . QS World University Rankings

Reasons for being in news

QS World University Rankings 2019 has recently been released.

About the 2019 edition

The 2019 edition of QS World University Rankings ranks the world’s top 1,000 universities for the first time – the best of the 4,700 institutions that were eligible for inclusion.

Top Universities of the world

1  . Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)USA)
2 .  Stanford University(USA)
3  . Harvard University(USA)
4 .  California Institute of Technology (Caltech)(USA)

Top Indian  Universities 

iit bombay ranking, qs world ranking

About  QS World University Rankings 

QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS).

The QS system now comprises the global overall and subject rankings (which name the world’s top universities for the study of 48 different subjects and five composite faculty areas), alongside five independent regional tables (Asia, Latin America, Emerging Europe and Central Asia, the Arab Region, and BRICS)

Being the only international ranking to have received International Ranking Expert Group (IREG) approval, the QS ranking is viewed as one of the three most-widely read university rankings in the world, along with Academic Ranking of World Universities and Times Higher Education World University Rankings.

 

4 . Queen Pineapple

'Queen' pineapple variety declared Tripura's state fruit

Reasons for being in news

President recently announced that the “queen” variety of pineapple would be Tripura’s state fruit.

About Queen Pineapple

1 . Fruits are Spiny, golden yellow in color and emits pleasant aroma and flavor at the ripen stage.

2 . The fruits are harvested when eyes turns yellow during mid-May to mid-July when the fruit is available.

3 . Average weight of fruit varies from 600 Grams to 800 Grams.

4 . It possesses all the good Organoleptic qualities.

5 . Juice bright yellow color.

6 . pH  of juice  4 to 4.5.

7 . Water content 80% to 90%.

8 . Sweetness and unique aroma differentiates it with pineapple of other region of North East India.

Pineapple cultivation in Tripura

Farmers in Tripura have pioneered pineapple cultivation . In their traditional lore too, they have carefully preserved a belief. That “pineapple would never betray them”. That, any crop may fail in an unfavourable circumstance, but pineapple is just a viable crop of survival, providing substantial income year after year.

This popular belief of the Darlongs, a sub tribe of Mizos, residing in North Tripura district is still instrumental in ensuring bumper pineapple crops in their hamlet.

Productivity of pineapple per hectare in Tripura is 18.73 tonnes, which is higher than the national average of 15.80 tonnes. The Dhalai district, another buffer zone of pineapple cultivation records the highest yield per hectare production in the state with 21.88 tonnes .

Pineapples harvested at half ripe stage can be kept fresh for 1 to 3 weeks at 12° c to 13° c. This offers enormous potential for their exports.

 

5 . Exercise Malabar

Reasons for being in news

Indian Naval Ships Sahyadri, Shakti and Kamorta  arrived at Guam to participate in the 22nd edition of Exercise Malabar, off Guam, USA from 07 to 16 June 2018.

About Exercise Malabar

Exercise Malabar, which started as a bilateral exercise between the US Navy and the Indian Navy in 1992, has evolved over the years with the participation of the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) from 2007.

Over the last 26 years, this Maritime Exercise has grown in scope and complexity and aims at increasing the level of mutual understanding, inter-operability and sharing of the best practices between the three navies.

Joint Naval Exercises of India with other countries

1.Australia  – AUSINDEX

2.Brazil & South Africa – IBSAMAR

3. France  – VARUNA

4 . Indonesia –  IND-INDO CORPAT (Bi-annual)

5 . Malaysia  – ARFDIREx

6 . Myanmar – IMCOR

8.Oman  – Naseem-al-Bahr

9. Russia – INDRA NAVY

10.Singapore  – SIMBEX

11.Sri Lanka –  SLINEX

12.Thailand  – INDO-THAI CORPAT (Bi-annual)

13. UK – KONKAN

14.USA  – MALABAR , RIMPAC (Multilateral)

 

6 . MMR declines to 130

Highlights of the data

As per the latest Sample Registration System (SRS) data, the MMR (number of maternal deaths per 1,00,000 live births) has dropped from 167 (in 2011-2013, the last SRS period) to 130 for the country.

Kerala has the lowest MMR of 46, followed by Maharashtra with 61 and Tamil Nadu 66

Three States have already achieved the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal of MMR 70.

 

7 . Global Peace Index (GPI) 2018

Highlights of the report

1 . The results of the 2018 GPI find that the global level of peace has deteriorated by 0.27% last year, marking the fourth successive year of deteriorations.

2 . Syria remained the least peaceful country in the world, a position that it had held for the past five years.

3 . Iceland continues to remain the most peaceful country in the world, a position it has held since 2008.

4 .  India’s rank moved up to 136 from 137 in 2017.

5 . Rankings of other South Asian countries-Nepal  84,  Sri Lanka  67, Pakistan  151 , Bhutan  19 and Bangladesh 93.

About Global Peace Index (GPI)

Global Peace Index (GPI) measures the relative position of nations’ and regions’ peacefulness. The GPI ranks 163 independent states and territories according to their levels of peacefulness.

The GPI gauges global peace using three broad themes: the level of societal safety and security, the extent of ongoing domestic and international conflict and the degree of militarization.

It is released by Australia-based Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP).