RELEVANCE – UPSC GS PRELIMS
First go through the text (given after the questions) and then attempt the questions.
QUES 1 . Consider the following statements with respect to Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS)
1 . The scheme was formulated in 1993.
2 . It provides that each member of parliament of India has the choice to suggest to the Head of the District works to the tune of ₹2 crore per year, to be taken up in his/her constituency.
Which among the above statements is/are correct?
a . 1 only
b . 2 only
c . Both 1 and 2
d . Neither 1 nor 2
QUES 2 . The administering ministry of Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) is
a . Ministry of Rural Development.
b . Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
c . Ministry of Panchayati Raj
d . Ministry of Home Affairs
Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) is a scheme formulated by Government of India on 23 December 1993 that provides that each member of parliament of India has the choice to suggest to the Head of the District works to the tune of ₹5 crore per year, to be taken up in his/her constituency.
Initially, this scheme was administered by Ministry of Rural Development. Later, in October 1994, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI) has been looking into its working.
Area choosen by an MP
Elected Members of Rajya Sabha representing the whole of the State as they do, may select works for implementation in one or more district(s) as they may choose. Nominated Members of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha may also select works for implementation in one or more districts, anywhere in the country.
The allocation per MP per year stands increased to ₹2 crore from the year 1998-1999 which has been further enhanced to ₹5 crore from the year 2011. It also allows MPs to spend up to ₹10 lakh in any other constituency in India.
Since start there have been reports of malpractices in running the scheme and there have been demands to scrap it. In 2006, a scandal was exposed by a TV Channel, that showed MPs taking bribe for handing over project work under the MPLADS.
Impact and Utility of the Scheme
The Scheme enables the Members of Parliament to recommend works for creation of durable community assets based on locally felt needs to be taken up in their constituencies in the area of national priorities namely drinking water, education, public health, sanitation, roads etc.
The MPLAD Scheme has resulted into creation of various durable community assets which have impacted the social, cultural and economic life of the local communities in one way or the other.